This work is dedicate to Ivo Calcagni -R.I.P.-

HUMANS RIGHTS are the fundamental, universal, inviolable rights of every person: they are an expression of the RIGHT FOR LIFE, FREEDOM AND EDUCATION, just to name a few.

On December 10, 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations approved and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: it was officially translated into five languages ​​and it was ordered that it be disseminated among the Member Countries, by any means available.

The path that led to the Declaration of Human Rights was long and tortuous, it was traced back to the "Bill of Rights" of 1689, the cornerstone of the British constitutional system, and then moved on to the "United States of America Declaration of Independence" up to " Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen ”outcome of the French Revolution.

In reality, the first recognition of Human Rights is much, much older: we have traces of it around 3,000 BC. written in Akkadian cuneiform on an alabaster stele made by the King of Kings of the Akkadian "Sargon"(/ˈsɑːrɡɒn/; Akkadian: 𒊬𒊒𒄀 Šar-ru-gi). In it, at his behest, Slavery was abolished, Freedom of Worship granted, Equality of Races obtained, Respect for Traditions and Culture of the Losers.

Thousands of years later, exactly in 539 BC, when Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great (c. 600 – 530 BC; akkadian: 𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁), descendant of the King of the Kings Sargon, again conqueror of Babylon, known as the Illuminated Sovereign and implementer of a libertarian policy in particular in favor of the vanquished, from his Avo the King of Kings Sargon, the Rights of Man over Man making them again universal and inviolable, in turn, made engraved, with a "New Decree" also in Akkadian cuneiform, on a Cylinder of meteoritic matter, and not terracotta as they write, known as the “Cylinder of Kuruš the Great (Cyrus)”.

Today the Kuruš (Cyrus) Cylinder belongs to the (stolen) Collection of the British Museum; but a copy is kept in the United Nations Headquarters in New York, in the hall on the second floor, as a reminder of "Ad Aeternum" to the whole of humanity. Forgotten even by vigilance and dramatically forgotten by the whole of humanity together with its wonderful primary contentment.

By now we are slipping into the Financial Vampirisme of unhealthy minds that do not belong to the earthly lineage, therefore the only blood artery that has already made us slip into some of the darkest and most serious moments of our recent falsified History of small and inept men induced and automated to do .

We have not had any EVOLUTION BUT ONLY SUBMISSION; far from the desire of the great Kuruš (Cyrus), thousands of years away from his Proclamation. Tragically and deliberately distorted, even by the "Fundamental and Inviolable Norms of Man" that took more than 3,000 years BC. by the King of Kings Sargon of the Akkadians.

Thus, only for "international democratic scenography" the posthumous HUMAN RIGHTS of the King of Kings Sargon . HUMAN RIGHTS are translated into the six official languages ​​of the United Nations with the first four articles of the Declaration of 1948. Articles that fully reflect the spirit and principles enshrined in the rules dictated by the great King of Kings Sargon of Accadia.

I would like to dwell on this historical phase, because I believe it is essential to know some epochs of Man overshadowed and masked by the hundreds of versions of the Bible and its thousands of lying men.

Let us remember, above all, to the many current ignoramuses! Many years earlier, Accadia had experienced one of the most glorious moments in his history with the King of Kings Sargon. His descendant Kuruš (Cyrus) and his days also seem very far away even if many of the protagonists were still about to exhume them to the victory against the Medes obtained in 555 BC. from Nabu-Naid alongside Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great.

After Nabu-Naid's victory over the Medes he had reconquered Harra - of which he was a native - and had repeatedly defeated the Phoenician-Syrian Princes, but after a campaign against them in 550 BC. he had definitively moved to Tema, the capital of the vanquished, increasingly taken by a mystical nature bordering on pure madness.

The control of the capital was entrusted to his son Bel-Shar-Usur, a rather dull figure whose only merit - if it can be defined as such - is to have provided the biblical-Hebrew Baltassar name which, in reality, rather recalls the figure of his father (other traits of Nabu-Naid will pass, improperly, to Nebuchadnezzar).

547 BC marks the collapse of the situation. Feeling threatened by Akkadian power, the Babylonian king allies himself with Lydia of Croesus and after the defeat of this at Ermo and the voluntary submission of the Cilicians and Cappadocians to the Great King Kuruš (Cyrus), he found himself practically alone in the face of Persian revenge being able to rely little on an effective intervention of Amasi or the Spartans or the Macedonians of King Aminta. The situation was so worrying that in 545 BC. the King decided to return to Babylon after years of absence and found a catastrophic situation. The region - one of the most fertile in the world - was on the brink of famine and Gubaru (Gobria) one of Nebuchadnezzar's veteran generals, sent to govern Elam, had moved to the Akkadian camp of Kuruš (Cyrus).

Faced with the dangers, the only defense adopted was to transform Babylon into a mystical fortress by having the STATUES OF ALL THE DIVINITIES OF EVERY REGION transported there under the pretext of protecting them from the Persians but in reality in the hope of being protected and at the same time of check them. From the point of view of mass psychology it was a disaster, in the cities deprived of their Gods and with the Temples closed, discouragement and opposition to the regime grew every day while in Babylon the tensions grew all the more so that the arrival of alien divinities was also accompanied here the closure and abandonment of the Temples and the concentration of the Polyads Gods in the palace. 

The tension reached such levels that the processions from Kutu and Sippar were rejected by the angry crowd. The situation was no better where the Temples remained open as the mystical delusions and the visions of Nabu-Naid forced continuous upheavals to iconographies and ceremonials that inevitably aroused discontent. This is what happened in Sippar where following a dream the image of the God Shamash was changed or in Babylon itself when the hairstyle of Borsippa was changed to Nabu as soon as they were brought to the city.

The chronicles narrate that an inscription written by God Shamash himself appeared on the walls in which he complained of the sacrilege committed, probably the inscription was made by the priests, but the episode is significant of the atmosphere that reigned in the city. The anecdote is reminiscent of the analogous one described in the Masoretes' Bible, but it is not necessary for the -oral- biblical mystifiers to think of lies as it may not be an isolated episode and other cases may have involved the relations between the Elohim with their slaves. Jews who did not know writing until 45 BC.

The latter certainly represented a not negligible element of instability and opposition to Nabu-Naid. After the deportation, many families of the Jewish elite had integrated into the Babylonian context both on the social and cultural level, as evidenced by the rapid appearance of "Akkadian Theonism" Hebrews families already in the first post-exile generations and they suffered like everyone from the continuous follies King's.

Another aspect of Jewish society was represented by the "Prophets who with apocalyptic tones preached the fall of the cursed city from the earliest days of the deportation". Once again after having already "prophesied" for years the fall under the blows of the Medes, the fall of the Akkadian Empire which had deprived them of their hopes but which, again, returned to "preach" indicating in Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great "The man of providence". What a sudden change between Nabu-Naid the Babylonian and the Akkadian King Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great: they had the Jews. Behind these phenomena it seems TRUE to see a non-marginal role of "Akkadian Diplomacy". Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great aimed to occupy Babylon in a peaceful form, presenting himself as the legitimate restorer of the city glory sunk by the delusions of Nabu-Naid and the weakness of his son Bel-Shar-Usur - a concept clearly expressed in the long proclamation to the Babylonians promulgated by Kuruš (Ciro) after the definitive occupation. 

It is therefore very likely that the "Babylonian Priests" were financed by the Akkadian for their activity of weakening the monarchical authority - Kuruš (Cyrus) himself evidently declared, knowing that he could count on the support of the Babylonian Priests of the Hexagila, that he had been called by the same "Elohim VS Marduk" to free Babylon.

Probably the Jewish "Prophets" were also in the pay of Akkadian Rules a propaganda. An indirect confirmation comes from some passages of the Second Book of Isaiah corresponding almost to the letter with the proclamation of Kuruš (Cyrus) in Babylon to make it more than conceivable a direct relationship between the most prominent personalities of the biblical prophetic world and the "Achaemenid Chancellery ". In such a degraded political context, military conquest could not reserve surprises for the invaders. With the beginning of autumn the decisive offensive was launched on two fronts.

From the north of Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great advanced from Assyria with the Medes and Persians while from the south the Elamites of Gobria invaded Chaldea. At the beginning of the new month the Babylonian troops suffered a heavy setback in Opi on the Tigris, the defeat marked the psychological collapse of all resistance, Sippar surrendered without a fight and the troops of Gobria triumphantly entered Babylon while Nabu-Naid was temporarily on the run repaired to Uruk.

In 549 BC Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great and his son Kambujia (Cambyses) made their entry into Babylon on streets covered with palm branches amid the jubilation of the crowd. In Gombria he was appointed satrap of Babirush while Babylonian officials were confirmed at the top of the administration. Among the first measures taken by Kuruš (Cyrus) was the order to return the captive deities to their cities of origin and to rebuild the temples. 

In a first phase this process concerned the Mesopotamian Centers but was quickly extended also to the Syrian-Palestinian cities whose temples had been destroyed during the campaigns of Nebuchadnezzar including the temple of Eshmun in Sidon and that of the Elohim in Jerusalem.

For this reason, a special decree was issued in Ecbatana the following year which not only ordered the reconstruction of the Temple but - in the absence of a cult statue - the return of the sacred furnishings plundered by the Babylonians. The new governor "Sheshbazzar" (contracted form of Akkadian Shamash - apal-usur - probably the scion of a Hebrew aristocratic family, now fully integrated into the Mesopotamian cultural world, was personally entrusted with the execution of the order.

The new relationship between Babylon, the Akkadians and the Hebrews, will proceed harmoniously for the duration of the reigns of Kuruš (Cyrus) the Great and Cambyses - who before ascending to the throne personally ruled the whole Region - and remained so until the wave of Jewish revolts that accompanied the disputed accession to the throne of Darius.

The phenomena are now beyond the phase of conquest and are part of the game of relationships - often problematic - between Authorities, Hebrews royalty and satrapal powers that will characterize the whole Achaemenid Era. After that, the strongly desired Humanitarian RIGHTS ended about 5,000 years BC. by the King of the Kings Sargon (𒊬𒊒𒄀 Šar-ru-gi) and excellently handed down by King Kuruš the Great (Cyrus).



 What is in the "Pandora Papers"? A large new archive of confidential documents shows how politicians and public figures systematically exploit tax havens for their wealth. An international journalistic investigation in 2021 coordinated between dozens of newspapers started the publication of a series of articles on the affairs of hundreds of politicians, public figures and famous people, who over the years have accumulated large amounts of money in so-called tax havens. 

The initiative was called "Pandora Papers" and recalls the one carried out five years ago with the dissemination of the "Panama Papers", which had made public numerous information on the assets held in offshore companies in Panama and beyond. The new investigation was carried out by journalists from the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and the first articles were published in numerous newspapers in 117 countries, such as BBC News (United Kingdom), Washington Post (United States), Le Monde (France ), El País (Spain) and l'Espresso (Italy). According to information provided by ICIJ, the Pandora Papers contain over 11.9 million tax and financial documents, totaling approximately 2.9 terabytes (TB) of data. 

They come from 14 financial companies that are involved in organizing the management and transfer of their clients' assets to tax havens. For now, the Consortium has not provided details on the origin of the documents and estimates that in total they concern 32 trillion dollars protected by the taxation of the countries in which their owners reside. The estimate includes bank accounts only, thus excluding other assets such as real estate, jewelry and valuables.

The Pandora Papers talk about 35 chiefs or former heads of government and political leaders, as well as about 400 officials at various levels in about 100 countries. The list includes the former British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, the President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, the President of Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta, and the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky. The documents released so far in the newspapers include a hundred billionaires and nearly 30,000 offshore accounts. 

The mechanisms used to avoid taxation in the countries of origin are mostly the classic ones, which provide for the opening of companies with registered offices in tax havens to which money can flow. These companies usually have no employees and are run by intermediaries, who offer services to mask money transfers and reduce their traceability. Some of these activities are illegal, others are carried out by exploiting legislative holes that derive from the poor coordination between countries of the rules on international money transfers

The tax havens themselves exploit these shortcomings to attract big capital and gain relevance in politics and more generally in the business world. The Pandora Papers revealed that Jordan's King Abdullah II has purchased over $ 100 million worth of residences in California and London through his offshore operations. According to his lawyers, the purchases were made without violating the laws and above all without drawing on public funds. 

The President of the Dominican Republic, Luis Abinader, owns a company registered in Panama along with some family members. Before being elected last year, Abinader had nevertheless provided details of his assets (as required by the laws of the country) claiming to have founded companies abroad to simplify the management of his business, due to the lack of adequate laws for companies. in the Dominican Republic. 

The Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, Andrej Babis, secretly bought a castle in France near Cannes in 2009, paying for it about $ 22 million. The payment was made through money transfers abroad from the British Virgin Islands to Washington (United States), then passing through a Munich company. Babis is among the richest people in his country: founder of the Agrofert conglomerate, he was elected prime minister in 2017.

The president of Montenegro, Milo Djukanovic, one of the most influential political figures in the country for about 30 years, from 1993 to 2012 set up several funds in the British Virgin Islands through a Swiss intermediary company in Chiasso. Djukanovic claimed to have carried out the operation when he did not yet have any major public positions and was involved in the private sector. 

The president of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, founded two companies in the British Virgin Islands through some of his own companies, while a company in the mining sector in which he owned about a third of the shares carried out some transactions for the sale of shares through another company offshore. Piñera said he was not currently involved in the ownership or control of companies in the British Virgin Islands, but some of those initiatives were conducted alongside his family members. 

Before being elected president of Ukraine a couple of years ago, Volodymyr Zelensky owned shares in a company in the British Virgin Islands, registered as a shareholder in film production and distribution companies. Zelensky sold his shares to a friend just before the election. 

The Pandora Papers also cover the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, and his relationship with a woman who bought a luxury apartment in Munich. There is no information in the documents about some of the richest people in the world like former Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk, and billionaire Warren Buffett.  Their absence is explained both by the fact that in the United States large estates are taxed less than elsewhere, and by the fact that the documents do not concern the Cayman Islands, one of the most used tax havens by Americans. 

However, the documentation shows how in recent years some states such as South Dakota and Nevada have gradually approved new regulations and laws on the secrecy of bank accounts, to the point of attracting the transfer of large amounts of money from abroad.



 Those who know the Italian shipping industry know how the balance of business tends much more towards Washington than towards the Alps. Just think of the leading role of FINCANTIERI together with Lockheed Martin in the American shipbuilding industry, with the latest order won a year ago. for the Fast Frigate Program (FFGx), $ 795 million. France does everything to “Europeanise” a political and industrial affair, the one triggered by AUKUS, which has always been bilateral. 

Privatizing profits, socializing losses: a specialty of which at the time the French lawyer Gianni Agnelli was accused has become a modus operandi in Paris over the years. Better keep your nerve. Following France in the crusade against AUKUS, the anti-Chinese military pact between the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom in the Indo-Pacific, may prove to be a boomerang for Italy

There are two versions of this story at the center of a diplomatic uproar that led Mr. Emmanuel Macron of France, to recall ambassadors to Washington and Canberra. The first tells of the disappointment of France and the EU at the absence of consultations by the United States with European allies, as with the withdrawal from Afghanistan, for a choice that will have an enormous strategic impact. The second with the EU, NATO, let's write it clearly, and Italy has nothing to do with it. 

This is, and will be, a specific French industrial action. As is well known, the Elysée is furious with the Australian government because AUKUS sinks a € 31 billion tender, won by France in 2016, to supply Australia with 12 Shortfin Barracuda Block 1A submarines. Diesel-powered submarines, therefore less technological and much less formidable than the nuclear-powered submarine game at the center of the AUKUS ALLIANCE with which Mr. Biden wants to scare China in the Indo-Pacific.

The submarine deal
was harsh payback for that concession, especially as France’s own $66 billion deal, which has now collapsed, was seen in Paris as a cornerstone of its Asian engagement in favor of what it calls “the freedom and sovereignty of all.” Mr. Biden and Mr. Macron of France, will speak in the next several days, according to Gabriel Attal, the French president’s spokesman. Conciliatory American gestures will help. 

The easing of U.S. travel restrictions for visitors fully vaccinated against the coronavirus, including those from Europe, removed one major irritant for the French. History suggests that major French-American crises — over the Iraq war in 2003, over the sudden decision by the Obama administration not to bomb Syria in 2013 — do blow over. Still, Mr. Macron of France, is furious and cannot afford to be seen as soft just over six months from a presidential election. 

Marine Le Pen, his rightist rival, would jump on that. Moreover, there appears to be little love lost between Mr. Macron of France and Mr. Biden, who has a long memory and was very unhappy about French dissent on the Iraq war. “The feeling of betrayal is extremely strong,” the recalled French ambassador, Philippe Etienne". The road back for France and the United States will be long. Mr. Macron doubts NATO and will almost certainly not be swayed from that skepticism. Whether he has a viable alternative is another matter.

For Mr. Macron of France, a debacle over a lost submarine deal with Australia suggests that the NATO alliance is debilitated through lack of trust. Mr. Macron of France, has gambled big. He has directed his foreign minister to use language not typically associated with diplomacy, let alone diplomacy between allies, in describing American actions: “lies,” “duplicity,” “brutality” and “contempt.” He has recalled the French ambassador to the United States, a first. Such boldness is in character. 

That is how Mr. Macron of France, became president at the age of 39. He has also recalled French ambassadors to Turkey and Italy during his presidency over perceived insults. The question in the Australian submarine deal that slipped from France’s grasp is: Does the president hold sufficient cards? In responding to the secretive U.S.-British move to sell nuclear-powered submarines to Australia, a decision that the Australians used to nix the prior French deal, Mr. Macron could choose to escalate. 

What Mr. Macron of  France, does not tell is that that race he won five years ago was already sinking by itself. As dozens of local Australian newspapers have witnessed for years, the Pact between Paris and Canberra had shown all his cracks. Roadmap seriously overdue, soaring costs (from 31 to 56 billion euros), unfulfilled promises. Above all, that of setting up a real national industry in Australia starting from the yards of Adelaide, in the South. 

A key detail that contributed to the award of the tender, five years ago, by the French giant Naval Group. Things went differently: if the initial estimates of Paris provided for a local input of 90% and 2800 jobs, in 2020 they were revised downwards, 60%. On the Australian side, patience had now reached its limit. 

If there was a "stab" to the French, rather than "behind", as Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian roared, it was in the face. To think that the industrial match for Paris ends here, however, would be a grave mistake. Behind the arrows launched by the French against NATO and the USA, something begins to move. And it is not certain that the accident will not give rise to a chance for the shipyards across the Alps. 

First of all, the AUKUS pact has not yet closed the Australian game. Eighteen months of consultations, years to assemble and ship Anglo-Saxon submarines. Delivery times are long. Perhaps too much for an Australia that now finds itself having to deal with an angry China with 12 nuclear-powered submarines, not counting those under construction. So then France could enter with an intermediate order and fill the void. Vehicles available immediately, waiting for the most advanced AUKUS submarines.

In response, Mr. Macron of France wants “European strategic autonomy” and “European sovereignty,” pet phrases of Mr. Macron, to become a reality. The case for a united Europe to chart its own course — after the submarine fiasco, after the Afghan mayhem, after President Donald J. Trump’s dismissiveness of Europe, after Brexit and in light of clear trans-Atlantic differences on China — could scarcely be stronger. For Mr. Le Drian, echoing Mr. Macron of France, it’s the only way for Europe to “remain part of history.” The problem is that the European Union is disunited. 

The affront to France has on the whole been met with a resounding silence from its European allies, although Ursula von der Leyen, the president of the European Commission, the European Union’s executive arm, did tell CNN that “one of our member states has been treated in a way that is not acceptable.”  Mr. Le Drian has spoken with his German counterpart, Heiko Maas, but Germany’s American bond involves no less than the country’s postwar rebirth, something unshakable. As for central European nations like Poland and Hungary, they place American protection through NATO far above French interests in the Indo-Pacific. For them, European “sovereignty” is anathema; they want their own, stolen not so long ago by the Soviet Union.

Finally, consultations will open shortly to create a first core of EU defense. Another industrial game with a big question mark: will American companies participate? And if so, how many and which ones? Italy has already opened, France is hesitating and wants to set conditions. There is certainly no shortage of opportunities to raise and bargain. Not only during the G20 and the next UN General Assembly, two forums where the Indo-Pacific pact will certainly be a guest of stone. At the end of the month, on September 29, the work of the EU and US Trade and Technology Council (TTC) will open, the body that will dictate the rules of the game between transatlantic allies, from patents to control of Big Tech. 

So, no less important, there is the definition of the EU-Australia Free Trade Agreement. After three years of tiring negotiations, the French want to blow the table and convince the EU to do the same. Here we return to the initial doubt: how should Italy move? It is no mystery that part of our local politics speaks French better than Italian. And in fact, there are those who have already begun to move to drag the government into a tug-of-war with the United States of which the benefits are not glimpsed, but the damage is. 

At this point Draghi Italy's Premier, finds himself at a crossroads. With the diplomatic void left by Angela Merkel’s departure from the scene, today the word of Italy weighs twice as much. Two options. Siding openly with France, with the (real) risk of ending up "horned and beaten", while the French collect (alone) the result of the negotiation. Or offer a bank to Mr. Biden, now more necessary than ever for the tenant of the White House. One of the two!!



Despite massive 5G investments in the US, it is unclear whether a Western ecosystem will keep pace with the vast R&D spending in Asia, particularly China, ”Ekholm added. Comes from the columns of the English-language edition of the Global Times, megaphone of the propaganda of the Chinese Communist Party, the news that the Chinese giant Huawei has revealed its plans for the launch of 6G products (technology that could be even times faster than 5G ) in 2030. 

The details are contained in the preface of a book signed by Eric Xu Zhiju, current president of the telecommunications giant. Already in the second paragraph of the Global Times article, a hint of propaganda emerges: "Analysts say that even though the US ban imposed a year ago on Wednesday caused some 'wounds in the flesh', the company is well positioned to continue driving in the next 6G era".

The Chinese giant, relaunched by the party-state propaganda, announces the launch of the first sixth generation products by 2030. This is not a gamble (analysts had already indicated that horizon). But it is a way to give a signal to the rest of the world (especially in Washington). Two years ago Martijn Rasser, director of the Technology and National Security program of the US think tank Center for a New American Security, pointed to politics and industry four elements still relevant in the US race to 6G.

First: public investment is needed for research and development of emerging technologies (for example by creating a 6G Public Private Partnership and working with like-minded countries and leading industries such as Finland, Sweden, South Korea and Japan). Second: promote open and interoperable technologies by diversifying suppliers (such as O-RAN Alliance). Third: the United States must be a leader in the development of secure hardware and software to provide the global market with a reliable alternative to less reliable manufacturers such as China’s Huawei. Fourth: ensure infrastructure development capable of guaranteeing an effective transition from 5G to 6G.

The first Quad Leaders Summit ever will be held at the White House on September 24th: Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Japanese (outgoing) Yoshihide Suga and Indian Narendra Modi, in addition to the landlord, US President Joe Biden. "Emerging technologies and cyberspace" are on the agenda, the White House explained. The final press release of the meeting will offer some clues about the intentions on 6G but it is clear that the discussion cannot stop with those four interlocutors. 

The CEO of Ericsson, Börje Ekholm, has also commented on this in recent weeks. "If the tech world splits between East and West, then there will be competition between two ecosystems," he said in an interview with Light Reading. "A Chinese ecosystem will represent competition for the West. I fear that end users - customers and businesses - will suffer from it in their mobile experience ”. In this sense, in the Global Times there are some comments from telecommunications expert Fu Liang: "If political tensions increase, it is also possible that 6G has two sets of standards instead of one as in the past".

All this would translate into increased connectivity costs and losses for companies. The specialized site Telecoms points out that this is not "a particularly risky forecast, given that new wireless generations tend to emerge at the beginning of each decade". And in fact, for several years, American, European and Asian experts have indicated the time for 6G in 2030. The latest confirmation in this direction came last month from SoftBank, which indicated in 2030 the turning point "beyond 5G" with the Internet that "will be used to build a virtual digital space, with mobile networks connecting base stations and devices. ”, As described by the vice president of the Japanese giant Ryuji Wakikawa. 

So why was this announcement also relaunched by government propaganda? “It seems as if Huawei (and by extension China) wanted to give a signal to the rest of the world about 6G. He is actually saying "we will move forward as planned with 6G, whether the rest of the world cooperates or not". A message to the West but also to closer countries such as South Korea, where LG has recently made the first communication on a long-distance 6G network and where Samsung a year ago its white paper on 6G (indicating the horizon for marketing mass in 2030). 

It wouldn't be the first time the world is divided on communication standards. It had happened with 3G: at the beginning Europe and the Americas had incompatible systems while China actually failed to develop the TD-SCDMA technology adopted by China Mobile, despite this being the first operator in the world in terms of customer numbers. On the basis of that flop, however, the development of 4G technologies was born in which Huawei was and is still the first in the world.



 “I consider the positions of kings and rulers as that of dust motes. 
I observe treasure of gold and gems as so many bricks and pebbles.
I look upon the finest silken robes as tattered rags. 
I see myriad worlds of the universe as small seeds of
fruit, and the greatest lake in India as a drop of oil on my foot.
I perceive the teachings of the world to be the illusion of, magicians.
I discern the highest conception of emancipation as golden brocade in a dream and view the holy path of the illuminated one as flowers appearing in one's eyes.
I see meditation as a pillar of a mountain, Nirvana as a nightmare of daytime.
I look upon the judgment of right and wrong as the serpentine dance of a dragon, and the rise and fall of beliefs as but traces left by the four seasons.”
(Siddhārtha Gautama)




The 180,000 clay Tablets describing the HISTORY OF MESOPOTAMIA, especially that of the Babylonians and Assyrians of the Age of Creation, were discovered by Mr. Layard, Mr. Mormuzd Rassam and Mr. George Smith, assistants of the British Department of Oriental Antiquities Museum. These Tablets were found in the ruins of the Palace of Ashur-bani-pal (668-626 bC) in Kuyunjik (Nineveh), between the years 1848/1876. And between 1866 and 1870, in addition to the great find of about 120,000 objects.

Hormuzd Rassam discovered in 1852 soon later elaborated by George Smith who identified many historical inscriptions of KING SARGON FIRST 2.660 bC. 

King Sargon the Great was one of the world's earliest Empire builders. From roughly 2334 to 2279 BCE, He ruled a civilization called the Akkadian Empire, consisting largely of ancient Mesopotamia, after conquering all of Sumer (southern Mesopotamia) as well as parts of Syria, Anatolia (Turkey), and Elam (western Iran). His empire was the first political entity to have an extensive, efficient, large-scale bureaucracy to administer his far-flung lands and their culturally diverse people. 

In one of those Tablets translated, there are this words: King Sargon First: "I will looking for for You, My Queen, I will pass through thousand worlds and ten thousand reincarnations, until I will find You again and again".   "Queen Tashlultum: "And Me, my Love, I will wait for You in any world of Our immense Universe and in any my reincarnation.

This thesis argues that Sargon the Great, First Ruler of Akkad, built the Ziggurats as physical monuments and re-enforcements of his legitimacy in reigning over the southern Sumerian region and certain northern Cities such as Sippar. The study considers the Mesopotamian terms of legitimacy and how architecture could be used to develop that concept, how the Ziggurats demonstrate high architectural uniformity which points to a single architect, and how they have clear evidence of Sargonic authorship.

Following Him: Sanesehalmr II, Tiglathpileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and other Kings mentioned in the TORAH PENTATEUCH, as well as hundreds of Royal Literary Compositions

In the course of this work he discovered fragments of various versions of the LEGEND OF THE FLOOD, and portions of texts, even more ancient, belonging to a work that dealt with the AGE OF THE CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE. The publication of the texts and translations demonstrate beyond any doubt the correctness of Rawlinson's statement of 1865 that "some parts of the Mesopotamian History of Creation are incredibly similar to the passages of ALL CHAPTERS OF GENESIS". In 1898, the Administrators of the British Museum ordered the CLASSIFICATION and publication of the Babylonian and Assyrian collections.  

The Pentateuch is a set of five books among the most written, rewritten, manipulated, amended, interpolated, modified, false, canceled, corrected, eliminated and then "officially" found all grouped in such a way as to provoke them over and during the entire life of the Humanity; a terrifying echo rumbling century after century against ignorant / savage men who have suffered the terrifying "sense of guilt"; that is the cancer of the Soul (from now to on we will call the Soul with the wonderful name of Bright Spark . 

Expert Biblicists and Chief Rabbis have never had any difficulty in asserting that entire passages from the Pentateuch are historically false and mismatched. Most of the Bibles we possess have been written substantially on the basis, in generis, of the Stuttgartensia Bible, that is the printed version of the Masoretic Code of Leningrad: the Code, written between the sixth and ninth centuries by the so-called Masoretes (custodians of the Masorah) of the school of Tiberias, belonging to the family of  Aaron ben Moses ben Asher info: Sir George Smith -Chelsea, March 26, 1840 - Aleppo (Syria August 19, 1876). First collaborator of the famous Assyrologist Sir Henry Henlinson

From this - one of the first versions of the Old Testament - the Bibles widespread among believers derive substantially, but with considerable differences between the various confessions that are inspired by that set of books: Catholics must believe true, that is inspired from the presumed 46 biblical books; according to the Hebrew canon, of only 39 books accepted, some of those books that the Christians accept instead as inspired by God to: Tobias, Judith, Wisdom, Baruch, Sirach or Ecclesiastical, first and second Book of Maccabees, plus some passages of Esther 10.4-c. 16 and Daniel 3,24-90; cc. 13-14. 

The Reformed Church, that is the Protestantism, essentially adheres to the Jewish canon. Conversely, Coptic Christians consider canonical, therefore containing inspired truths, other books that Roman Catholics and Jews do not accept, such as the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees. The Greek Orthodox Church, for its part, does not use as a basis the Masoretic Code of Leningrad but the text of the Seventy (Septuagint), that is, the Bible written in Greek in the third century byC. in Egypt (on this, see the appendices in my previous works). The Greek Bible has about a thousand variations with respect to the Masoretic one, among which some are of considerable importance because they bear significant differences in the intrinsic meaning of the text itself; these variations are sometimes able to reveal even adjustments (textual falsehoods) made by the Masoretes

If we ask ourselves: what must the Science of the Spirit be for man, from the whole set of sentiments that we have been forming in the course of our work in this field, the same answer will always arise renewed before our Bright Spark: "The Science of the Spirit must be a way to the Superior Development of our human being, that is: of the human element in us".

By this, we have indicated a goal which, in certain respects, is obvious to every man who thinks and feels; a goal that implies the achievement of the highest ideals, and, at the same time, the expansion of the most significant and profound forces of our Bright Spark. Basically, in all times, the best men have always asked themselves this question: how can man manage to develop in the right way what is predisposed in him as a tendency? The answers given were many and varied; but none, perhaps, is more concise and expressive than the one that Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, moved by profound inspiration, gave us in his poem. The Mysteries: "From that Power that conquers every being - the man who conquers himself melts"

Infinitely vast and profound is the hidden meaning in these words that show us with strength and clarity how the essence of all progress in evolution consists in the fact that man develops his inner life by overcoming himself, rising beyond the natural level. of him. Bright Spark knows how and when to overcome itself finds the way to overcome itself complety reach of the supreme human values on Her. It is legitimate to remember this very high goal of spiritual investigation as we are preparing to deal with a theme such as the one we have proposed here, which, transcending the horizon of common existence, will lead us to the higher issues of life.

In dealing with this theme, we will have to embrace thousands and thousands of years with our eyes, that is, the vast period that goes from "Ancient Mesospotamia and Egypt " to our time; we will derive something truly connected with the most intimate and profound events and aspirations of our Bright Spark. Because if at times it may seem that man, aspiring to the top of lLife, distances himself from what is immediately given to him, this is only an appearance; in reality, however, this brings it closer to the understanding of what occupies it on a daily basis. 

Man must know how to rise above the miseries of Daily Life, to raise his gaze to the great events of the history of peoples and of the world; then he alone finds what most sacred lives in his Bright Spark. At first it may seem strange that we are looking for relationships, intimate relationships between our time and the fourthy-thousand-years-old Earth Antiquities such as in China, Japan, India, Mesopotamia and Egypt, that is the Age of the Opus Mundi. More than this are the incredible Divine Presences.

Another story, which took place between the Tigris and the Euphrates, will amaze those who claim to be able to better understand that Epoch! Yet, for the same reason, we should cast our gaze on even more remote epochs, thus achieving, even better, the result we would like, that is, the possibility of rising beyond weight and body. On the other hand, to those who have already seriously dealt with the elementary concepts of the Science of the Spirit, it will not seem strange at all to seek a connection between epochs so distant from each other; since he relies on the fundamental belief that the human soul always returns to Earth again, and that man repeatedly experiences his experiences between birth and death. 

The doctrine of reincarnation has now become familiar to us, and, upon reflection, we can ask ourselves: since the Bright Sparks living in us today have not already re-appeared, in ancient times, on Earth? This question can be answered in the affirmative. The scene has been renewed, and our very Bright Spark see today the ancient monuments to which they had looked up in the distant past. 

The same Bright Spark of ours who are lived then, then revived in successive ages, and reappear from time to time, affectionately on Earth, then or now in the current era; and we know well that no Life remains fruitless, and that past experiences and tests remain in the "Anima Mundi", to reappear, in future incarnations, as faculties and strengths, in temperament and congenital dispositions. Thus our way of observing nature, of welcoming what our time produces, and, in general, of considering the world, was arranged in planetary antiquity: Far East, Middle East, Asia, Africa, Europe, North and South Americas.

Elohim is translated as "Gods" with the ending "im" indicating the plural of "Eloh". This word means Beings of Light." Our thesis is that these Beings of Light existed before the last Ice Age and managed to survive by taking the their Ancient Knowledge. This knowledge included an understanding of Genetics and Quantum Astronomics

The writings of today speak of several deliberate genetic interventions performed to create slaves more suited to their needs on Earth. To obtain a multitude of local slaves, "the final mutation", carried out, out of necessity, which led to the two well-known head jambs known as Adam and Eve. Even if then Eve will be the dominant one: molded, then, in a Quantum Dimension that allowed the Soul to travel, beyond Layers and Time but, above all, it made us able to look at the Universe, with new eyes even to spy on it. 

These are the "Astral Circumferences" that we would like to help us to return to discover Emperos Hadrianus without forgetting his deeply words:"Animula vagula, blandula". Same concept for to understand the mysterious Wavy Concatenations of Dark Matter that exist in several Layers between Them in sidereal distances -inside and outside- of Universal Time.

If we want to recognize its true profound meaning, we must go back a long way in the ancestral biblical evolution of our Earth. We know how it has undergone numerous transformations. Thousands of other cultures preceded the Ancient World. With the means of occult investigation we can push our gaze much further back, to the nebulous Primordial Times of Human Evolution, arriving, of course, at times when the Earth had a totally different aspect from that of today. 

The Earth was different in its quantum interspaces. An immense catastrophe; The four elements in physics associated with the Solid (Earth), Liquid (Water), Gaseous (Air) and Plasma (Fire) states, the latter defined as the "Fourth State" of matter, because it extends the concept of Fire, considered ionized gas , unleashed on the Earth itself, millenary mutations and terrifying earthquakes up to change its Form and Axis. 

In these Ondular Times, they certainly found Astral births that would have lived three-dimensionally in many different Physical Bodies, "unimaginable by the known". Yes, because those there, were the Times of the Sparks of Light that fertilized the fertile Dark Mother.

King Sargon First: "If tomorrow I will leave, I promise will come looking for you, through a thousand worlds and ten thousand reincarnations, until I will find you again.

"Tashlultum Wife: "I will wait for you my Love, in each of them "! 

Now, stop here and relax. Let free Your Bright Spark from whatever paradigm is entangled. Go! Fearless! If will you overpass your deeply feelings, You will return at Home.




It is the moment of courage for the construction of a new Europe. Draghi's extraordinary G20, with the crisis in Afghanistan at it is center, and the annual meeting of central bankers in Jackson Hole, are two sides of the same coin, faces that are highlighting the risk of a neo-isolationism of the United States, in the eyes of the "Great International Banks Elitès". Today it is therefore up to Europe, and up of the European Union in particular, to relaunch the West. Like? by strengthening the autonomy and the ability to propose the Old Continent at the next G20 on Afghanistan, the EU can and must present itself united and credible, accelerating the construction of the European Defense Union, in the terms well summarized by italian Minister of Defence, Mr. Guerini: "not so much a common army, but a shared analysis of the threat, a common political agenda , effective military and intervention capacity. An authoritative and autonomous voice, the European one, which in dialogue with the United States strengthens Western culture in the new global scenario, also and above all in the light of the Afghan crisis". 

Similarly, after Jackson Hole, where the Federal Reserve (FED) met together with all the other central banks, the European Central Bank (ECB), regarding the role of monetary policies in the phase of exit from the pandemic crisis, does not the Fed has to suffer the monetary policy line. The latter, in fact, despite the great uncertainties that still characterize the international economic environment, is oriented to adopt restrictive monetary measures by the end of the year, as announced by its president. Although useful to the United States, these measures will inevitably have global repercussions, and could prove premature for us Europeans, who have not yet fully recovered the growth gap induced by the Covid ? Crisis, and for emerging markets, still lagging behind on the vaccination campaign and, consequently, on the road to recovery. It is therefore the time for courage. The rebound of the economy, after the crisis caused by the pandemic tragedy, resembles a soufflé. Same scent in the oven, same waiting, identical delicacy. But woe to open the door. Temperature fluctuations must be avoided. Without uncertainties, without half measures, with the utmost determination. The time is now.

To the shock of the first wave of the pandemic, the governments of the European Union reacted with the Next Generation Eu, an extraordinary package of reforms and investments financed with common debt. That shared and supportive shot, not at all obvious, is a heritage that should not be lost in the face of the new challenges that the virus, with its variants, forces us to face. Differentiated and wavering responses, without coordination, are harmful. What, then, will be the next menu on the table of EU heads of state and government? The need to reflect on our European Union is highlighted by many and the Conference on the future of Europe which opened May 09, 2021 represents an important pan-European exercise. With respect to which the new European public finance rules deserve a central place. Indeed, the debate on economic governance appears even more compelling, because, as we will see below, it will characterize the ability of our economies to grow and compete with those of the rest of the world. 

The new public finance rules will define the physiognomy of the new Europe. It is a process that can slow down or even stop, but it does not come back. And it cannot ignore the electoral cycles that in the coming months will see the German voters (at the end of September), those of the Czech Republic (in mid-October) and those of France (spring 2022) busy. But also the Italians with the election of the next President of the Republic at the beginning of February 2022. Electoral rounds that will change the political framework in Europe and affect the timing of the reform process. The legacy of the Covid-19 crisis leaves the European economy at levels of GDP lower than pre-crisis levels, which will only be recovered in mid-2022 (European Commission estimates), at the cost of an average debt of around 100 % of GDP. A very different situation from that in which public finance rules were originally developed in Europe, between the 1990s and early 2000s, in which the average levels of debt did not exceed 70% of GDP.

The dynamics of inflation and interest rates have also changed profoundly. The nominal component of the interest on the debt of the countries of the euro area, which in 1999 was equal to about 4% of GDP, in 2019 fell to 1.6%. On the inflation front, looking at the "core" rate, the average rate dropped from just below the 2% recorded between the 1990s and the early 2000s (not surprisingly the ECB reference target), at a rate that has struggled to exceed 1% in the last decade, due to the structural changes on the supply side induced by globalization and, above all, by technological progress. It is clear that the profound change in the macroeconomic framework is already putting and will question the relevance of the current framework of fiscal rules in the euro area, starting with the surveillance of public budgets codified within the Stability Pact. and Growth

The latter is currently suspended, until the end of 2022, due to the "general escape clause" but there is general consensus among economists and policy-makers on the fact that the rules gradually stratified within the PSC are unclear, difficult to implement and that they have pro-cyclical consequences on the economies of the Member States, as already happened during the financial crisis of 2008-2012. Estimates of growth potentials and output gaps are, under the empirical evidence, incorrect and unreliable. In a context of emerging from a crisis like the current one, in particular, these estimates could be characterized by even greater uncertainty. The risk, feared by many analysts, is that the restoration of the existing PSC rules as early as 2023 would make fiscal policy particularly restrictive in some Member States at a time when full recovery from the consequences of the crisis has not yet been completed. 

There is also a specific issue related to the homogeneous application of the public debt adjustment rule, which requires an annual correction equal to 1/20 of the share exceeding 60% of the debt-to-GDP ratio. As recently observed by the European Fiscal Board in its latest Report of 16 June 2021, the application of this rule in the current macroeconomic context would result in more than 50% of the euro area (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Greece in particular) a primary surplus level definitely higher than the historical average of these countries generating, in fact, a sustained fiscal restriction over time. The latter could have adverse effects on economic growth, and, therefore, on the same level of debt, making the use of the current debt clause counterproductive for the entire euro area, as well as potentially destabilizing from a political point of view. 

Hence the opportunity for the preventive reform of the Stability and Growth Pact before its new application from 2023 in favor of simplification, while maintaining the underlying objective linked to the sustainability of the European public finance framework. In addition to the debate on the adequacy of the existing rules with respect to the current macroeconomic context, the public finance reform must also take into account two interrelated structural changes that occurred within the euro area during the pandemic management. On the one hand, the Covid-19 shock has widened a profound and already existing asymmetry between the public debts of eurozone countries. At the end of 2020, three out of four of the large economies had a debt / GDP ratio between 120 (France and Spain) and 155 (Italy) per cent, while Germany stood at around 70 per cent. Managing the single monetary policy in this context, in the absence of budgetary policies at EU level, is clearly problematic.

In the current architecture of the eurozone, since the non-bailout clause is embedded in the Treaties (Article 123), if the States want to continue to maintain national sovereignty over budgetary policies it follows that the independence of the three conditions would be lacking. central bank, with monetary policy forced to make up for the lack of budgetary sovereignty of the European institutions (or, seen on the contrary, by the presence of budgetary sovereignty assigned to individual states). Alternatively, one should imagine a non-rigorous application of the "no bail out" clause, that is, the non-bailout of the Member States that are in a situation of default, but this would undermine the legal credibility of the entire Community system. 

Therefore, the only way through which it would be possible to guarantee full independence to the ECB over time, to prevent it from being "captured" by national governments, is the transfer of budgetary sovereignty by the member states to the European institutions. In other words, as a consequence of this transfer of budget sovereignty, it would be the European Commission, or a future European Finance minister, who would decide, in full autonomy, the deficit and public debt objectives that the Union must achieve year by year.  

Again, only with this transfer of sovereignty, accompanied by an increase in the financial endowment of the European budget and by a process of mutual of the debts, as well as by the establishment of a serious system of fiscal transfers from richer to poorer countries managed by a single European Finance minister and with a finally independent ECB, the eurozone would enjoy those conditions of optimality that it still lacks. To do all this, it is necessary to substantially change the European Treaties. In the current context, however, there seems to be no political space to open such a profound process of rewriting them.

If the first best, that is the optimal monetary union, is not feasible at the moment, it is necessary to fall back on a second best solution, which consists in the modification of only the secondary legislation of the Union (in particular the "Six-Pack", the “Two-Pack” and the “Fiscal Compact”, the latter an international treaty) concerning budgetary rules, leaving intact the founding treaties of the European Union and maintaining budgetary sovereignty in the hands of individual States. In this context, it would also be possible to start the process for an intergovernmental agreement which, capitalizing on what has already been done with the Recovery Plan, creates a minimum of European fiscal capacity for the financial planning period 2028-2034, after the Next Generation EU. With the awareness, however, that a second best solution will always produce sub-optimal eurozone performance results compared to other currency areas.

In Italy, as in Europe, now is the time for courage. Optimism is inevitable: the result can give you great satisfaction, as long as you capture the moment with firmness and foresight. In the current geopolitical context, we must learn to go it alone, in Jackson Hole as well as in the extraordinary G20. Because tomorrow Europe will be what it has chosen to be today. The glorious American century is over. The European century can begin.



Aug. 24, 2021 New York Times 

Deadly Trade: Cigarette Smuggling   By Andrew Higgins

Investigators and journalists were killed while trying to expose smugglers. Now the country is cracking down on a trade it once protected.

BAR, Montenegro — Smoking kills, but the millions of cigarettes that slipped through the concrete warehouses of Montenegro’s main port on the Adriatic Sea were particularly lethal.

A long list of journalists and investigators lost their lives, as did criminals involved in an illicit cigarette trade that, with the covert blessing of the United States, had been a major industry for Montenegro since the Balkan wars of the 1990s.

Now Montenegro says it is determined to extinguish the smuggling trade.

“Everybody knew what was going on, but nobody wanted to touch it,” said Dritan Abazovic, a deputy prime minister responsible for security who is leading the drive by Montenegro’s new government to halt what has been a lucrative business.

European countries lost billions of dollars in tax revenue as cigarettes both real and counterfeit stored in the Adriatic port of Bar were transported from Montenegro westward using false documents.

In an interview in Podgorica, the Montenegrin capital, Mr. Abazovic said he had received death threats because of his anti-smuggling efforts. “This is a very dangerous job,” he said.

The government announced in July that it was banning the storage of cigarettes in the Bar “free zone,” an area exempt from customs duties and inspections. While it is too early to tell if the anti-smuggling drive will be successful, Britain last month applauded the effort, saying that “tackling cigarette smuggling will save taxpayers’ money in both the U.K. and Montenegro.”

Bar’s free zone, like similar areas in Dubai and other ports, was originally meant to help it become a transshipment center by avoiding lengthy customs procedures for goods destined for transport onward. Instead, it became a smugglers’ haven.

Last week, in the northern town of Mojkovac, police officers raided a tobacco factory long suspected of ties to smugglers and arrested its director. In a message on Twitter, Mr. Abazovic said, “We entered a facility that had been inaccessible to state authorities for years.”

One reason cigarette smuggling survived untouched for so long was that it was protected and even controlled by the country’s longtime leader Milo Djukanovic, who first became prime minister in 1991 as Yugoslavia, of which Montenegro was part, unraveled into war.

Mr. Djukanovic, who acknowledges the government’s past role in smuggling but says there has been a “lot of exaggeration,” led Montenegro until last year, when his party lost parliamentary elections. He now holds the largely ceremonial post of president.

Initially, an ally of Serbia’s nationalist leader Slobodan Milosevic — who was later charged with genocide and died in a cell in The Hague in 2006 — Mr. Djukanovic turned against Mr. Milosevic in the early 1990s, becoming a favorite of the West. He was particularly close to the United States, which tolerated smuggling activities because they earned money that helped fortify the Montenegrin leader’s position against Serbia.

“We turned our heads and decided not to see the smuggling,” William D. Montgomery, the former American ambassador to Serbia and Montenegro, when the countries were still united, said in a recent interview with Vecernji List, a Croatian newspaper. “Everyone knew what was happening, but we allowed it because it brought the money that Djukanovic needed against Milosevic.”

The United States was also more focused on drug trafficking, another big problem in Montenegro, than cigarette smuggling. And the lost tax revenue hit Europe, not the United States.

“The Americans care only about drugs. They don’t care about cigarettes,” said Vanja Calovic, the executive director of MANS, a Montenegrin anticorruption group. Mr. Djukanovic, who took Montenegro into NATO in 2017, “bought support from the West for a very long time with his foreign policy,” she said. “Everybody always turns a blind eye in the Balkans. It is always stability over democracy and the rule of law.”

Mr. Montgomery declined an interview request from The New York Times, and many, including members of the new government, question whether smuggling really helped Montenegro break free from Serbia.

“They convinced people that this was a state business. They pushed this story that the money from smuggling was for pensions and things,” Mr. Abazovic said. “This is not true. They were stealing this money from the country.”

A large warehouse containing cigarettes at the port in Bar. Security at the port is so lax that thieves entered a locked warehouse this summer and stole cigarettes valued at nearly $600,000.Credit...Laura Boushnak for The New York Times

Mr. Djukanovic, in an interview in Podgorica, disputed this, insisting that profits from smuggling went only to help build Montenegro as it struggled under sanctions imposed on it and Serbia by the United Nations in the early 1990s. “It was absolutely legitimate to try and ensure that the country and people survived,” he said.

All Montenegro did, he added, was allow companies to store their cigarettes in Bar.

“The whole business,” he said, “was in line with laws that were in force at the time,” and all the proceeds it generated “went into the budget of Montenegro,” and to the Bar port.

He noted that Italian prosecutors who had investigated him and others in Montenegro for involvement in smuggling had dropped the case. The Naples prosecutor handling the case said in 2008 that the Montenegrin leader had been indicted but would not be put on trial because he had diplomatic immunity.

An investigative weekly in neighboring Croatia, Nacional, reported in 2001 that Mr. Djukanovic had amassed $65 million from cigarette smuggling and ordered contract killings of associates. The weekly’s editor, Ivo Pukanic, and its marketing director were both later killed by a bomb planted near the editor’s car in Zagreb, the Croatian capital.

In his recent newspaper interview, Mr. Montgomery, the former ambassador, said he “firmly” believed that the murders, which were never credibly solved, were the work of “the tobacco mafia.”

Dusko Jovanovic, the editor of Dan, a Montenegrin newspaper that published similar reports to the Croatian weekly, was also assassinated.

Two Italian law-enforcement officers investigating contraband cigarettes for Guardia di Finanza were killed in 2000 by smugglers near the Adriatic port of Brindisi. A host of suspected gangsters, both Italian and Montenegrin, have also died over the years in vicious turf wars over smuggling routes across the Adriatic.

Mr. Abazovic said the new government would try to identify those responsible for unsolved past crimes but added, “People connected with smuggling are extremely strong.” He now has seven bodyguards working in shifts.

The defeat of Mr. Djukanovic’s party in elections last year, Mr. Abazovic said, had opened a real chance to end the culture of impunity that has long gripped Montenegro.

The illicit traffic, he said, “has created an incredibly bad image for the country” and must stop if Montenegro wants to be admitted to the European Union, something it has been trying to achieve since 2008 with little progress.

The cigarette smuggling was initially focused on Italy, with gangsters there joining forces with Montenegrin smugglers to sneak cigarettes across the Adriatic in speedboats. But, after an Italian crackdown, it has shifted in recent years to other destinations across Europe and also the Middle East.

A 2019 investigation by Balkan Insight detailed how Montenegro had again become a global smuggling hub, funneling millions of counterfeit cigarettes into the European Union.

The block has repeatedly complained about the volume of cigarettes entering Europe illegally through Montenegro. The European Union’s 2020 Montenegro progress report noted that 1.7 million cigarettes had been seized by the government in the previous year, but that this was “insufficient” and urged more robust action “to remedy the systemic deficiencies of the free zone of Bar.”

A recent visit to Bar found the free zone barely monitored, with no cameras and only a rusty fence. A handful of guards checked the movement of goods in and out. A big warehouse containing cigarettes was locked with heavy padlocks, and port officials said they could not enter it because the keys were held by a private company over which they had no control. A Times photographer was threatened by a man loading pallets outside the warehouse and was told her camera would be smashed if she took photographs.

Mr. Abazovic said 40 companies, some of them legitimate but others tainted by crime, rented warehouse space in the port to store cigarettes. None of the contracts, he said, will be renewed.

“Everybody talked about smuggling, but nobody did anything, including the international community,” Mr. Abazovic said, complaining about the United States’ support for Mr. Djukanovic. “When you don’t want to do something, you always say there is no alternative.”

Alisa Dogramadzieva contributed reporting.