Showing posts with label YEMEN TERRORISTA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label YEMEN TERRORISTA. Show all posts

Saturday, May 27

2018-2020 BALKANS IN FIRE: RETURNING FOREIGN FIGHTERS

Those "Reports" explores the Security challenges posed by foreign fighter returnees. It argues that—contrary to popular belief—most foreign fighters do not die on battlefields or travel from conflict to conflict


This means that Law Enforcement, Intelligence, and other Security Officials should expect unprecedented numbers of returnees from Afghanistan, Indonesia, Africa, Mali, Libya, Syria and Iraq should a ceasefire hold. 

The challenge posed by returnees is threefold: Recidivism rates are uncertain, law enforcement cannot manage the numbers of prospective returnees alone, and returnees from non-Western countries also pose a threat to the United States. 

Findings suggest that a global architecture should be put in place to mitigate the threats from foreign fighter returnees.

Thursday, July 9

LA FOLLE STRATEGIA DI OBAMA IN MEDIO ORIENTE

Il presidente americano Barack Obama minimizza la guerra di espansione dello Stato islamico. “Non stiamo perdendo. Siamo soltanto all’ottavo mese di una campagna che come ho annunciato durerà per anni”, ha detto in un’intervista al magazine americano Atlantic

Per Obama, la caduta della città di Ramadi in Iraq nelle mani del gruppo estremista è quindi un “tactical setback”, un “contrattempo tattico”. 

Il magazine ha pubblicato l’intervista sul suo sito, nelle stesse ore in cui anche la città siriana di Palmira (e i grandi impianti per la produzione di gas nel deserto attorno) cadeva sotto il controllo dello Stato islamico – e anche in questo caso la cronaca arrivata in occidente è disastrosa come a Ramadi: collasso delle truppe governative, esecuzioni di massa nelle strade, saccheggio degli arsenali locali

Come se le notizie in arrivo dalle due città arabe non bastassero, il gruppo estremista ha rivendicato un attentato in una moschea sciita dell’Arabia Saudita che ha ucciso venti persone, dichiarando l’inizio delle sue operazioni nel regno. 

Due mesi fa lo Stato islamico ha rivendicato cinque attacchi suicidi in cinque moschee diverse (140 morti) per annunciare in modo simile l’inizio delle operazioni in Yemen.

Il Wall Street Journal fa del sarcasmo facile: “Se questo è vincere, chissà allora come sarebbe perdere”. Il sito politico nota che il presidente americano usa con disprezzo malcelato l’aggettivo “tattico” perché si contrappone a “strategico”, che invece è un aggettivo che nel politichese di Washington ha connotazioni “quasi mistiche”. 

Chi è tattico è un mero dilettante, gioca a breve termine ed è destinato all’insuccesso finale per definizione e quindi secondo Obama il gruppo di Abu Bakr al Baghdadi non ha una strategia all’altezza delle sue ambizioni militari, si muove giorno per giorno e sta improvvisando. 

Si tratta delle stesse critiche che in questi giorni stanno arrivando in America alla strategia dell’Amministrazione Obama in Iraq e in Siria – o meglio, alla totale mancanza di una strategia (tutti ricordano il “We don’t have a strategy yet” (non abbiamo ancora una strategia), pronunciato dal presidente davanti ai giornalisti a fine agosto 2014, quando ormai lo Stato islamico s’era preso una grande parte di Iraq). 

L’ex segretario alla Difesa di Obama, Robert Gates, ha detto in TV: “Non abbiamo una vera strategia. In pratica stiamo facendo questa guerra giorno per giorno”. 

Le notizie rafforzano questa sensazione. Il  Pentagono ha annunciato l’invio urgente all’esercito iracheno di mille missili controcarro, già dalla prossima settimana, per distruggere i camion bomba suicidi che aprono varchi nelle loro difese (a Ramadi lo Stato islamico ha usato trenta camion bomba in tre giorni). 

Però, come per un ricalcolo dell’ultimo minuto, il Pentagono ha detto che manderà in Iraq duemila missili controcarro. E’ il giorno per giorno. 

Il raddoppio annunciato è stato accolto da commenti sarcastici sul fatto che potrebbero finire presto in mano allo Stato islamico, come già successo a parte dell’equipaggiamento americano lasciato in Iraq.

Al Congresso c’è stata un’audizione davanti alla commissione Difesa, in cui esperti e senatori hanno convenuto senza giri di parole che l’America sta perdendo la guerra contro lo Stato islamico. 

Gli esperti ascoltati hanno raccomandato un cambio di strategia – perché la campagna aerea in corso non è sufficiente – e hanno toccato un argomento tabù per l’Amministrazione, l’invio in Iraq di più soldati (il numero finale proposto è quindicimila).

Saturday, April 11

THE NEW "GLOBAL SUNNI UNION" IT IS ALREADY DEFINED

The visit by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to Saudi Arabia in early March 2015 to meet with the new Saudi king, Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, prompted talk in both Riyadh and Ankara that the time has come to turn over a new leaf in Saudi-Turkey relations. Yet significantly, Erdogan is only one of several heads of state who came to Riyadh for meetings with the new king. 

His appearance followed a visit by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, and afterwards the king met with Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. There are also reports of contacts between Hamas and Saudi Arabia and an expected visit by Khaled Mashal to the kingdom. 

The series of meetings, held against the background of Iran’s rising regional stature, has led commentators to discuss anew Saudi attempts to create a Sunni alliance that will obstruct the growing regional influence of Iran and its satellites. Indeed, the meetings in Riyadh were the basis for the mobilization of support for the Saudi-led military intervention in Yemen. 

On a symbolic level, the order in which the visits to King Salman took place can be seen as reflecting the past, present and future of Saudi foreign policy – the meeting with el-Sisi represented the priorities of the late King Abdullah, the meeting with Erdogan reflected the current attempt to construct a Sunni alliance, and the meeting with Sharif can also be seen as an “insurance policy” in the event that the attempt to promote the alliance fails. 

More specifically, however, the agreement that is currently taking shape between Iran and the superpowers concerning Iranian nuclear capabilities, as well as the growing strength of the Houthi-Shiites in Yemen and Iran’s active role in Syria and Lebanon – through Hizbollah and in Iraq – in the fight against ISIS, are all factors that have led Riyadh to recognize that it needs Turkey as a participant in its anti-Iran alliance. 

Following his visit to the kingdom, Erdogan said that “Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey – this trio – are the most important countries of the region. We all have duties to carry out for the peace, calm and welfare of the region.” Yet if a Sunni alliance of this kind is to rest primarily on Turkey and Egypt alongside Saudi Arabia, the current sharp rivalry between Turkey and Egypt may well undermine its foundation. Saudi Arabia is continuing its policy of investing massively in Egypt, in order to bolster the stability there and to acquire influence over the el-Sisi regime. 

Thus at the Egypt Economic Development Conference held in early March in Sharm-el Sheik, Saudi Arabia pledged – together with Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates – an additional $12 billion to Egypt; this raises the total amount of the Gulf assistance to el-Sisi to some $23 billion. The investment is already bearing fruit in the form of Egypt’s active involvement in the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen. 

Indeed, in light of the good relations between Egypt and Saudi Arabia, it is clear that Turkey’s tough stance toward Egypt is the weak point in the Sunni alliance that the Saudis are trying to create. 

During the course of Erdogan’s visit, there were those who expected that King Salman would be able to bring about a meeting between Erdogan and el-Sisi, but no such meeting took place. “Are you kidding me?” Erdogan said to a journalist who asked him if he was planning to meet with el-Sisi during his visit in Riyadh. However, Erdogan also noted that Saudi Arabia wanted Turkey to reconcile with Egypt and that this issue was, in effect “the only disagreement” between the two countries. At the same time, he added, “of course they want this, but there is no insistence.”

For its part, Turkey is seeking an association with Riyadh to help end its isolation in the region. Signs of a desire for improved relations with Saudi Arabia could already be seen when Erdogan interrupted his trip to Africa in order to attend King Abdallah’s funeral, and Turkey declared a day of national mourning for the King’s death. Given its many foreign policy failures, Turkey needs Saudi Arabia, and out of economic considerations Turkey needs Saudi investment. 

Trade between Turkey and Saudi Arabia amounted to $7 billion in 2014 and there is potential for further growth, such that both countries have set a 2018 goal for themselves of trade amounting to $20 billion by that year (However, if the agreement between Egypt and Turkey allowing for Turkish trucks to pass through Egyptian territory and thereby bypass the need to go through the Suez Canal is not renewed in April 2015, the cost of the bilateral trade will rise considerably and its economic viability will be reduced accordingly.). Tourism has grown by 30 percent since 2013, with more than 300,000 Saudi tourists visiting Turkey last year. 

Saudi Arabia has outlawed the Muslim Brotherhood, but reports indicate that the new king is considering a more open approach to Hamas, a derivative of the Brotherhood – with the objective of bringing it into the anti-Iranian alliance in formation. The possible softening of Saudi Arabia’s position vis-à-vis the Muslim Brotherhood is a good basis for improving relations between Turkey and the kingdom. However, it is too early to see any change in the el-Sisi regime’s hostility to the Brotherhood.

Turkey expressed public support for the military intervention in Yemen under Saudi leadership, and in unusual form, Erdogan noted that the Iranian attempts to achieve dominance in the region were “intolerable.” However, Turkey effectively qualified its support for the Saudi actions by saying that it backs those actions only if they lead to an internal political dialogue in Yemen, and Turkey gave no further assurances beyond vague promise of possible logistical support. Indeed, in the long term, the King’s chances for bringing Turkey into the desired anti-Iran coalition appear to be minimal. 

Erdogan’s unusual comment regarding Iran can be understood as resulting more from Iran’s increased influence in Iraq than from its position in Yemen. Moreover, Turkey and Iran have in the past recognized that they needed to limit the impact that various disputes had on their relationship – for example, they knew how to cooperate even when they held completely opposite positions regarding events in Syria. Furthermore, Saudi commentators warned Egypt not to attempt to dictate Saudi foreign policy, but it is difficult to see how there will be any real improvement in the Turkey-Saudi Arabia relationship without there also being some movement with regard to Turkey-Egypt relations. 

Following the civil war in Libya, the Saudis (and the Egyptians) supported the Tobruk government, while the Turks supported the government in Tripoli. Additionally, while it appears that there has been some change in the Saudi position regarding Hamas, it is doubtful that this will genuinely mitigate the Saudi opposition to the strong support that Turkey gives to the organization. 

An improved relationship between Saudi Arabia and Turkey, even if it is intended to curb Iran’s strengthening position in the region, is not necessarily a positive development for Israel. In light of the crisis between Israel and Turkey, Ankara’s entry into the Saudi-led Sunni coalition can increase the points of friction between the coalition and Israel. 

The pragmatic relationship that aligned Israel with the moderate Sunni states can be harmed, unless Israel and Saudi Arabia understand how to maintain the delicate channel of quiet coordination between them. Yet in any event, the likelihood for success of the current Saudi efforts in connection with Turkey remains in question. If the Saudi efforts fail, the possible harm to Israel relations will be temporary.

The attempt to establish a Sunni pact against the background of the challenges created by the turmoil in the Arab world and the strengthening of Iran’s power in the region is not new. Efforts began already in 2011 but were unsuccessful, in part due to the failure to bring down Basher Assad’s regime in Syria. 

The subsequent regime change in Egypt, with the military’s seizure of control from the Muslim Brotherhood, further obstructed the attempt to form a Sunni alliance. Moreover, Turkey and Saudi Arabia do not have a tradition of good relations in order to forge stronger relations at the current time. There have been some periods in which their relationship has been closer, such as the period between 2005 and the first signs of turmoil in the Arab world, but these were exceptions, not the norm.

The Saudi foreign minister was recently quoted as saying that Saudi Arabia does not have any problem with the Muslim Brotherhood – only with certain elements within the movement. It is therefore not impossible that because Riyadh sees the Iranian threat as real and increasing in strength, the kingdom now understands that it may be worthwhile to swallow the bitter pill that is the Muslim Brotherhood, if only for the purpose of building up an anti-Iranian Sunni alliance. 

The challenge for Saudi Arabia will therefore be to bring Egypt – which views the Brotherhood as a serious threat to its internal stability – to cooperate with forces identified with the Brotherhood, with Turkey being the primary one of these forces.

Thursday, January 22

NUOVO "GOLPE" A FAVORE DELL'IRAN. FIRMATO C.I.A.

Tecnicamente è un “quasi golpe” perché gli Houthi non impongono con la forza un cambio di potere, ma piuttosto che siano rispettate le loro richieste nella stesura di una nuova Costituzione yemenita. 

Come spesso accade nel paese arabo, anche questo scontro va avanti a singhiozzo, sospeso tra la possibilità di una guerra totale nelle strade e il teatro del negoziato politico.

Ieri i ribelli hanno conquistato il palazzo presidenziale nella capitale, dopo avere preso le sedi delle tv – ma dicono di averlo fatto per impedire che le armi lì conservate fossero saccheggiate. Si tratta del grande palazzo usato dal vecchio presidente Abdullah Saleh, deposto nel 2012, e non da quello attuale Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi (vice di Saleh per decenni). 

Ai ribelli non interessava la sede simbolica, ma la base e l’armeria della Terza brigata meccanizzata, che stanno all’interno del perimetro del palazzo. Per ora c’è una tregua precaria con i soldati. Hadi è invece assediato a quattro chilometri, nella sua residenza in un quartiere sofisticato della capitale. Gli Houthi hanno circondato l’edificio e bombardano il presidente.

Quest’azione militare sta facendo uscire il paese dalla sfera d’influenza dell’Arabia Saudita, il vicino del nord, e lo sta facendo entrare in quella dell’Iran, che si dice stia appoggiando i ribelli in virtù di un’alleanza tra sciiti e soprattutto perché apprezza ogni modo di colpire i sauditi. 

E’ abbastanza sicuro prevedere che l’Arabia Saudita non tollererà questo passaggio di mano dello Yemen e risponderà con tutto il suo peso – non muovendo le sue Forze armate, ma piuttosto appoggiando i sunniti che lotteranno contro gli Houthi.

Si sta creando una di quelle situazioni che generano nuovi grandi fronti jihadisti a velocità sbalorditiva. Il fatto che il nord del paese, capitale inclusa, stia cedendo sotto l’avanzata sciita è un regalo enorme ad al Qaida nello Yemen, che negli ultimi anni ha acquistato forza e pericolosità e ha rivendicato l’attacco contro il giornale Charlie Hebdo a Parigi.

Se ci sarà una reazione sunnita contro gli Houthi “usurpatori”, i jihadisti si infileranno in mezzo traendo forze fresche, equipaggiamento nuovo e persino legittimità – come hanno fatto nelle sei guerre precedenti contro gli Houthi. Questo vale anche per lo sparuto gruppo di combattenti che si è dichiarato fedele allo Stato islamico. Al Qaida e lo Stato islamico odiano gli insorti sciiti; e quelli stanno prendendo il potere.

Ieri sera Abdulmalik al Houthi, un capo dei ribelli, ha fatto un discorso alla tv per spiegare la ragione del precipitare della situazione e la rottura di una coabitazione pacifica nella capitale che durava da settembre. Presidente e primo ministro stavano tentando di modificare la Costituzione in modo da tagliare fuori gli Houthi. 

Loro hanno rapito il capo dello staff presidenziale Ahmad Awad Bin Mubarak incaricato di scrivere la bozza, sabato: il presidente ha reagito ordinando alle truppe di mettere in sicurezza la capitale. Gli Houthi hanno interpretato l’ordine come una mossa contro i loro Comitati popolari e hanno attaccato in contropiede.

Nel discorso, il capo ribelle accusa il governo di corruzione, di volere tradire il patto per governare lo Yemen e di avere lasciato ad al Qaida la libertà di espandersi, prendere depositi di armi e conquistare vaste zone del paese.

Ieri due droni e due aerei da ricognizione americani hanno sorvolato Sana’a. Funzionari americani hanno detto lunedì che non c’è bisogno di evacuare l’ambasciata-fortezza degli Stati Uniti, ma ieri due navi da guerra nel mar Rosso, la Iwo Jima e la Fort McHenry, si sono avvicinate alla costa. La senatrice Dianne Feinstein ha chiesto l’evacuazione immediata – lei aveva presieduto alla scrittura del dossier contro le torture della Cia uscito in novembre.

Fallisce così il “modello Yemen”, citato a luglio e a settembre dal presidente americano, Barack Obama, come esempio da seguire nella guerra contro lo Stato islamico. Un governo amico, alleato fedele nelle operazioni antiterrorismo, capace di bilanciarsi nella lotta tra le fazioni interne e di garantire l’equilibrio necessario per battere gli estremisti. 

Ieri il capo del governo amico era assediato in casa, preso a cannonate da una fazione che potrebbe essere filo-iraniana. 

Friday, March 7

TERRORIST FRONT AL-NUSRA GROW UP

A Saudi Interior Ministry statement said King Abdullah approved the findings of a committee entrusted with identifying extremist groups referred to in a royal decree earlier last month. The decree punishes those who fight in conflicts outside the kingdom or join extremist groups or support them.

The king's decree followed the kingdom enacting a sweeping new counterterrorism law that targets virtually any criticism of the government. The Muslim Brotherhood has been targeted by many Gulf nations since the July 3 military overthrow of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in Egypt, himself a Brotherhood member. Saudi Arabia has banned Brotherhood books from the ongoing Riyadh book fair and withdrew its ambassador from Qatar, a Brotherhood supporter, along with Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates.

Today's statement, carried by the official Saudi Press Agency, identified the other terrorist groups named as al-Qaida's branches in Yemen and Iraq, the Syrian al-Nusra Front, Saudi Hezbollah and Yemen's Shiite Hawthis. It said the law would apply to all the groups and organizations identified by the United Nations Security Council or international bodies as terrorists or violent groups. It said the law also would be applied to any Saudi citizen or a foreigner residing in the kingdom for propagating atheism or pledging allegiance to anyone other than the kingdom's leaders.

The counterterrorism law bans meetings of the groups inside or outside of the kingdom and covers comments made online or to media outlets. The unprecedented and harsh prison terms seem aimed at stemming the flow of Saudi fighters going to Syria, Yemen or Iraq. The Syrian civil war is believed to have drawn hundreds of young Saudis, worrying some in the kingdom that fighters could return radicalized and turn their weapons on the monarchy.

Influential Saudi clerics who follow the kingdom's ultraconservative religious Wahhabi doctrine encouraged youths to fight in the war and view it as a struggle between Syria's Sunni majority and President Bashar Assad's Alawite, Shiite-backed minority.

Saudi officials and some clerics have spoken out against young Saudis joining the war. However, the Saudi government backs some rebel opposition groups in Syria with weapons and aid. The new law is also believed to reflect pressure from the U.S., which wants to see Assad's overthrow but is alarmed by the rising influence of hard-line foreign jihadists — many of them linked to al-Qaida — among the rebels. 

U.S. President Barack Obama is scheduled to fly to Saudi Arabia and meet King Abdullah this month.

Meanwhile in Qatar, outspoken Egyptian cleric Youssef el-Qaradawi did not deliver his usual sermon on Friday. The reasons for his absence were not made immediately public. His past sermons, in which he publicly criticized the UAE and other Gulf countries for their support of Egypt's new government in its crackdown on the Brotherhood, led to outrage among Qatar's neighbors who saw the comments as an attack on their sovereignty.

Friday, April 1

SI CONTROLLA IL FLUSSO DI DENARO DEI FRATELLI

La Procura Speciale per la criminalità organizzata in Montenegro, ha iniziato a raccogliere i dati e le operazioni di controllo su Rudar Football Club ". "E 'vero che nella intera indagine, passiamo in rassegna alcune aziende", ha detto procuratore speciale Đurđina Ivanovic. Secondo le informazioni "On" il controllo dell'azione penale è come sia stato finanziato il Rudar negli ultimi 5 anni, e quale l'origine dei flussi di denaro.

"Non posso dire nulla di specifico, dice Đurđina Ivanovic, perchè attualmente stiamo effettuando altri controlli. E vedremo cosa sarà. E pur vero che nell' intera indagine, passiamo in rassegna diverse " aziende", ha detto l'Ivanovic. L'accusa, è che il club avrebbe FK abbia riciclato denaro illecito, proveniente dal traffico di droga, intercontinentale, del fratelli Duško i Darko Šarić dal sud America in Italia.

Friday, May 21

Yemen: Italy Offers To Back Fight Against Terrorism

Italy on Tuesday offered greater support to Yemen in its struggle to fight terrorism. Foreign affairs minister Franco Frattini made the announcement at a media conference after meeting his Yemeni counterpart, Abubaker al-Qirbi, in Rome.

Thursday, April 8

BIN LADEN, WELCOME TO SOMALIA

At least 12 al Qaeda members have crossed from Yemen into Somalia in the last two weeks, bringing money and military expertise to Somali rebels battling the Western-backed government, a senior Somali official said.

Somalia's al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab rebels are waging a deadly insurgency against the transitional government headed by a former rebel and are intent on imposing a harsh version of Sharia Islamic law throughout the war-ravaged nation.

A smaller group -- Hizbul Islam -- which has an alliance with al Shabaab in Mogadishu, expressed its loyalty to al Qaeda on Wednesday for the first time and invited Osama bin Laden to Somalia.

"Our intelligence shows 12 senior al Qaeda officials came into Somalia from Yemen in the last two weeks," said Treasury Minister Abdirahman Omar Osman, adding that he had been briefed by Somalia's intelligence agencies.

"They were sent off to assess the situation to see if al Qaeda may move its biggest military bases to southern Somalia since they are facing a lot of pressure in Afghanistan and Iraq," he told Reuters by telephone on Wednesday.

Osman did not say who the al Qaeda members were nor their positions in the organisation.

Western and regional intelligence agencies have long feared that Somalia's porous borders and lack of a strong central government could make the Horn of Africa nation a safe haven for militants looking to attack the region and beyond.

Al Qaeda in Yemen jumped to the forefront of Western security concerns after a Yemen-based regional wing claimed responsibility for a failed attack on a U.S.-bound transatlantic flight in December.

"They brought money to al Shabaab which had been facing difficulties to recruit more fighters because of cash shortages," Osman said.

Some of the foreign commanders had landed in airstrips in the south disguised as humanitarian workers and two were in Mogadishu, he said.

Since plunging into anarchy in 1991, hundreds of thousands of people have perished from famine, war and disease in Somalia. Multiple attempts to set up central rule have failed.

Somalia's current government backed by African Union peacekeepers has been unable to wrest control of the sea-side capital from insurgent groups. Al Shabaab controls large swathes of southern Somalia and Mogadishu.

Moallim Hashi Mohamed Farah, a senior Hizbul Islam leader in Mogadishu, said the group had asked bin Laden to Somalia.

"It is true, we have invited him. Our call is that Islamist forces around the world have to unite, and defend their cause as one group. The West may call him as a criminal, but we call him our brother and he is not criminal," he told Reuters by phone.

"Questioning the relationship between us and al Qaeda is like questioning the relationship between two brothers, and that is not realistic."

Monday, March 1

Australian nationals under surveillance for connections to Yemeni jihadists

Yemen: Where the elite meet to "misunderstand" Islam. "Growing Yemen links alarm anti-terror squad," for The Australian, March 1 (thanks to Sr. Soph):

    Counter-terrorism agencies are increasingly concerned about deepening links between a group of Australians under surveillance because of their connections with the Sydney terror cell and Islamic militants in Yemen, widely regarded as "the new Afghanistan" for al-Qa'ida.

    Security agencies are monitoring the movements of at least 20 Australians who have travelled to Yemen in recent years, including friends and family of the nine men recently convicted and sentenced to up to 28 years in prison for preparing for a terrorist act in Sydney.

    Authorities have also monitored mobile phone and email communications between some of them and a Yemeni militant group led by American-born cleric Anwar al-Awlaki, who the US claims is a leading recruiter and motivator for al-Qa'ida and its franchise groups.

    Awlaki is wanted in connection with the attempted bombing of Northwest Airlines Flight 253 on Christmas Day. The accused bomber, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, reportedly identified Awlaki as his recruiter and trainer.

    The cleric also provided religious advice to US army major Nidal Malik Hasan, who is accused of murdering 13 people and wounding 30 more in a shootout at the Fort Hood army base last November.

    Awlaki preaches that "hatred of kufr (non-Muslims) is a central element of our military creed" and urges Muslims to remain physically fit and train with firearms "to be ready for the battlefield". Videotapes of his sermons have been circulated among a small group of admirers in Australia.

    "His teachings are of great concern to us," Detective Superintendent John O'Reilly, commander of the NSW Police Counter-Terrorism and Special Tactics Operations Group told The Australian.

    The Australians who have travelled to Yemen include a Sydney man who left for the Middle East late last year, only weeks after having his passport returned to him by ASIO. It had been confiscated following an ASIO assessment that he was "likely to support or participate in acts of politically motivated violence".

    The man had previously travelled to Pakistan, where police say he trained with the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Toiba in 2000, before it was proscribed in Australia.

    Former Australian Guantanamo Bay inmate David Hicks told Australian Federal Police the man had been in the same camp at the same time as him.

    The Sydney man was named repeatedly during the recent terror trial, which culminated in the conviction and sentencing of five men on terrorism conspiracy charges in the NSW Supreme Court at Parramatta. Another four had already pleaded guilty.

    The court heard that the man had been involved in buying laboratory equipment to be used in an attack but he was not charged because of insufficient evidence.

    He had previously tried to visit Yemen in 2004, when arrangements were made for him by a friend from Sydney, Polish-born Marek Samulski, who had lived in Yemen.

    Samulski was detained by Yemeni police in the capital, Sanaa, in 2006 during an investigation into an al-Qa'ida-linked group that the Yemeni authorities said was smuggling weapons to Islamist insurgents in neighbouring Somalia. Samulski, eventually released without charge, has not returned to Australia.

    Australia's ambassador for counter-terrorism Bill Paterson told a national security conference in Sydney last week that Yemen had effectively become a safe haven for militants much as Afghanistan was in the 1980s and 90s.

Saturday, February 27

YEMEN AND THE WEST

Ye Men                                                            

Thursday, February 25

Civis Romanus Sum

“I am a Roman citizen” was a proud boast in the first century A.D. It implied the obligations of citizenship but also... READ MORE

Sunday, February 14

Yemen a haven for terrorism?

Ye Men                                                            

Wednesday, January 20

Al-Qaeda in Arabian Peninsula terrorist group

WASHINGTON (AFP) – The United States named Tuesday Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) a terrorist group in a bid to cut support to the outfit blamed for the plot to bring down a Detroit-bound jet on Christmas Day.
The State Department said it has also asked a UN committee that looks at sanctions against Al-Qaeda and the Taliban to take similar actions against AQAP and its leaders Nasir al-Wahishi and Said al-Shihri.
"These actions prohibit provision of material support and arms to AQAP and also include immigration related restrictions that will help stem the flow of finances to AQAP," department spokesman Philip Crowley said in a statement.
The designations -- made by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in consultation with other senior US officials -- also "give the Department of Justice the tools it needs to prosecute AQAP members," he added.
Crowley said the Yemen-based group has claimed it was behind a number of attacks against Saudi, Korean, Yemeni, and US targets since it was founded in January 2009.
These include a March suicide bombing against South Korean tourists in Yemen, an attempt in August to assassinate Saudi Prince Muhammad bin Nayif, and the December 25 bid to blow up a flight from Amsterdam as it landed in Detroit.
The designations "represent just one phase" of the US government's response to the AQAP threat, Crowley said.
He said Washington has also asked officials at a UN committee -- set up by Security Council resolution 1267 in 1999 to pursue sanctions against Al-Qaeda and the Taliban -- to take similar actions against the group and its leaders.
"If successful, this will require all UN member states to implement an asset freeze, travel ban, and arms embargo against these entities," Crowley said.
"These designations will occur less than one month after the Security Council adopted resolution 1904, which renewed and strengthened the 1267 regime," he said.
He said the resolution "created major new improvements to the way" the UN imposes sanctions on Al-Qaeda and the Taliban.
"The actions taken today against AQAP support the US effort to degrade the capabilities of this group," he said.
"We are determined to eliminate AQAP's ability to execute violent attacks and to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat their networks," Crowley added.

Friday, January 15

Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)

(CNN) -- Air raids in northern Yemen killed six leaders of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), Yemen's Ministry of Defense said Friday.

Among the six was the group's military commander, Qassim al-Raimi, the ministry said.

AQAP has claimed responsibility for the attempted bombing of a U.S.-bound airliner on Christmas Day. Investigators have said intelligence ties the alleged bomber, Umar Farouk AbdulMutallab, to the group.

Yemeni forces carried out an air raid at 2:30 p.m. (6:30 a.m. ET) near Alajasher in the country's far north, the Yemeni Embassy to the United States said in a written statement. Al-Raimi "was the main target of the air raid," the statement said.

"Security authorities suspect that three of al Qaeda's most dangerous operatives -- Ammar Ubadah al-Waeli, Ayeth Jaber al-Shabwani, Saleh al-Tayes -- may have been also eliminated," the embassy said. "Furthermore, counterterrorism units backed by helicopters continue to hunt down two al Qaeda operatives that escaped the air raid."

The U.S. National Counterterrorism Center's Web site says that after AQAP emerged in January 2009, its leadership was composed of al-Raimi and the group's amir, Nasir al-Wahishi, both of them "veteran Yemeni extremist leaders," as well as two Saudis, one of whom surrendered to Saudi authorities last year.

Friday's air raid "marks the fifth major strike on al Qaeda positions in less than a month," the embassy said.

Friday, January 8

Yemen Says Bomb Suspect Met With Qaeda Figures

By STEVEN ERLANGER

SANA, Yemen — A senior official here said Thursday that the young Nigerian man accused of trying to bring down an airliner as it was approaching Detroit on Dec. 25 had met with operatives of Al Qaeda and probably with Anwar al-Awlaki, a radical American-born Internet preacher, in Yemen before setting out on his journey.

But the official, Rashad al-Alimi, the deputy prime minister for national security and defense, cited Yemeni investigations and said that the Nigerian, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, 23, had acquired the explosives used in the failed attack not in Yemen, which he left on Dec. 4, but in Nigeria. There he changed planes at the Lagos airport on Dec. 24, boarding a flight to Amsterdam and then another to Detroit.

Mr. Alimi’s remarks, made at a news conference in Sana, offered Yemen’s most definitive public reconstruction of Mr. Abdulmutallab’s movements before the attack. But the account differed on crucial points from those given by British, Ghanaian and Nigerian officials: where Mr. Abdulmutallab was recruited, where he obtained the explosives, even how long he spent in the Nigerian airport.

According to previous accounts, Mr. Abdulmutallab flew from Accra, Ghana, on Dec. 24, and had a layover at the airport in Lagos on his way to boarding the Detroit-bound Northwest Airlines flight in Amsterdam. American officials have said that Mr. Abdulmutallab told F.B.I. investigators that Al Qaeda in Yemen had trained him and furnished him with the sophisticated bomb he concealed in his underwear.

Mr. Alimi denied emphatically that Mr. Abdulmutallab left Yemen with the explosives, saying the suspect obtained them in Nigeria, though he offered no specific evidence for his assertion.

The Yemeni official also said that Mr. Abdulmutallab had been recruited in London; British officials have said that they knew he had met with extremists there, but that he was not seen as a threat.

It was unclear how Mr. Abdulmutallab would have acquired the explosives in Nigeria. Nigerian officials have said that he spent less than 30 minutes at the airport and went through the requisite security checks. But the Lagos airport is also known for its corruption and chaos, and officials in Ghana dispute the Nigerian account, saying Mr. Abdulmutallab spent nearly four hours in Lagos before leaving.

Investigators in many countries are seeking clarity on Mr. Abdulmutallab’s movements in the months and weeks before the attack.

The broad timeline offered by the Yemeni official meshes with previously established outlines of Mr. Abdulmutallab’s travels: he went to Sana to attend Arabic language classes last August, was driven to the airport on Sept. 21 with an exit visa but then slipped out of sight.

Mr. Alimi said that before the Nigerian left Yemen, on Dec. 4, he went to Shabwa Province, a remote, rugged area in central Yemen. There, Mr. Alimi said, Mr. Abdulmutallab met with “Al Qaeda elements” and probably with Mr. Awlaki.

Mr. Alimi said that the meeting was in a building that was bombed later, on Dec. 21, by Yemeni forces, while another Qaeda meeting was under way. “This place is indeed associated with Anwar al-Awlaki,” Mr. Alimi said.

Mr. Alimi did not rule out that Mr. Abdulmutallab might have traveled through other remote areas of Yemen. He said British and American intelligence services had not warned the Yemeni authorities about any security concerns relating to Mr. Abdulmutallab before the attack.

Mr. Awlaki’s calls for holy war resonate among Qaeda sympathizers. He exchanged e-mail messages with an American Army officer, Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, accused of a shooting rampage at Fort Hood in Texas, where 13 people were killed in November.

Mr. Abdulmutallab flew into Ghana from Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, on Dec. 9, according to Ghanaian officials. His subsequent airline tickets were bought there, with cash.

Wednesday, January 6

YEMEN: CATTURATO il CAPO di AL QAEDA

Il presidente americano, Barack Obama si è riunito ieri con i suoi consiglieri per la sicurezza nazionale dopo una fine anno che ha visto crescere l'allarme terrorismo nel Paese. Da una parte il fallito attentato di Natale sul volo Amsterdam-detroit, dall’altra le preoccupazioni per lo Yemen. Al vertice con il presidente americano parteciperanno il segretario di Stato Hillary Clinton, il segretario alla Difesa Robert Gates, il segretario alla sicurezza nazionale Janet Napolitano, il direttore della Cia Leon Panetta, il direttore dell'Fbi Robert Mueller e il consigliere per la sicurezza James Jones. In serata Obama incontrerà i leader democratici del Congresso, mentre i repubblicani hanno accusato il presidente di avere messo in secondo piano la guerra ai terroristi.

Riaperta l’ambasciata americana nello Yemen - E' stata riaperta stamani l'ambasciata degli Stati Uniti nella capitale dello Yemen, Sanaa, rimasta chiusa per due giorni per minacce terroristiche da parte di Al Qaeda. Lo conferma il sito della stessa ambasciata americana. "Le minacce di attacchi terroristici contro gli interessi americani restano comunque elevate", sottolinea il comunicato, che invita "gli americani nello Yemen a restare vigili e a prendere adeguate misure di sicurezza".


Anche Gb e Francia riaprono le sedi diplomatiche- Anche le ambasciate britannica e francese nello Yemen, dopo quella americana, hanno riaperto al pubblico. Fonti diplomatiche dei due Paesi hanno spiegato però che i consolati di "Francia e Gran Bretagna al momento restano chiusi. Una fonte Usa ha confermato che la rappresentanza diplomatica a Sanaa "ha ripreso la sua normale attività con tutto il personale".

Monday, January 4

YEMEN : The militant group Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula


   
   


On Christmas Day, Umar Farouk AbdulMutallab, 23, allegedly attempted to blow up Detroit-bound Northwest Airlines flight 253 with explosives that had been stitched into his underwear. The bomb failed to explode, and passengers were able to subdue the perpetrator until he was detained by authorities on the ground.


The militant group Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has claimed responsibility for the plot.

Shortly after his arrest, AbdulMutallab, a Nigerian national, reportedly spilled the beans about the operation to US officials, who now fear there may be many more misguided martyrs waiting in the wings for their opportunity to bring down a US airliner.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) said that AbdulMutallab bragged that there were “many more like me” in Yemen waiting to attack American interests.

Meanwhile, ABC News, quoting an anonymous source, released a statement from AQAP, allegedly warning Americans, “we will strike you with what you have no previous knowledge of, for as you kill you shall be killed, our vengeance is near.”

Some analysts in Washington believe that Mr. AbdulMutallab represents the tip of an iceberg of foreign threats to US citizens, both at home and abroad. As a result, the United States has ordered enhanced screening of individuals who travel to the US through “state sponsors of terrorism or other countries of interest.”

According to a diplomat assigned to the US Embassy in Moscow, who spoke on condition of anonymity, the US State Department lists four countries as “sponsors of terror”: Cuba, Iran, Syria and Sudan. The other “countries of interest” are a collective who’s who of nations that hold a grudge of some sort against the US: Afghanistan, Algeria, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia and Yemen.

Passengers flying into the United States from abroad will be subject to random screening or so-called "threat-based" screens, the Transport Security Administration (TSA) said in a statement.

“Every individual flying into the US from anywhere in the world,” the TSA said, “traveling from or through nations that are state sponsors of terrorism or other countries of interest will be required to go through enhanced screening.”

The US warning has prompted other nations to introduce new state-of-the-art screening technologies, which many civil rights groups deem invasive and a threat to personal privacy.

In the Netherlands, for example, officials have unveiled plans to put full-body "naked" scanners into operation within three weeks for passengers traveling to the US.

In the UK, Prime Minister Gordon Brown said Sunday that British airports were going to gradually introduce such airport technology.

“We have recognized that there are new forms of weapon that are being used by Al-Qaeda so we've got to respond accordingly,” Brown said.

Britain has called for a top conference on dealing with the terror threat from Yemen to be held in London on January 28.
How did AbdulMutullab get on that plane?

As US security agencies are scrambling to determine what went wrong with their screening procedures, others are wondering why their warnings went unheeded – again [in the days prior to 9/11, for example, when four US commercial jets were hijacked and used as weapons against American targets, repeated warnings from FBI intelligence-gathering centers in the US, specifically in Minneapolis, went ignored by the federal authorities].

AbdulMutallab, who is the son of a prominent Nigerian businessman, was on the US government's terrorist watch list, but not on its no-fly list, which would have prevented him from boarding Northwest Flight 253 from Amsterdam to Detroit. And despite appearing on Homeland Security’s black list, AbdulMutallab’s American visa was never revoked.

British authorities also placed AbdulMutallab on their national watch list after he was denied a student visa 14 months ago.

The most puzzling bit of information to date is that AbdulMutallab's family had warned US authorities that their son was being exposed to radical elements.

US media reported that the young man’s father went to the US Embassy in the capital city of Abuja on November 19 to report that his son was being “radicalized” by extremists in Yemen.

On November 20, the US embassy in Abuja sent out a cable to US embassies worldwide, as well as to the US intelligence community, alerting them to the information provided by AbdulMutallab's father.

Umar Farouk AbdulMutallab eventually appeared in the database of the US National Counterterrorism Center – but to no avail: the young man (despite being outed by his own father) was able to fork over $3,000 in hard cash for an airplane ticket and travel to American airspace with a bomb in his underpants.

In light of such a blatant transgression of national security, it is no wonder that the US Republicans are accusing the Obama administration of incompetence.
Partisan blame game intensifies

Washington’s real war is not happening in the mountains of Afghanistan, or the back streets of Baghdad, but in the vapid blogosphere, where liberals and conservatives are engaged in a bitter, shameless and petty mud fight.

Former US Vice President Dick Cheney, who has been a thorn in the side of the Obama administration since Day One, jumped on Washington’s mismanagement of the would-be airline martyr as proof that Obama “is trying to pretend we are not at war.”

“Why doesn't he want to admit we're at war?” Cheney grumbled to Politico, a political news blog. “It doesn't fit with the view of the world he brought with him to the Oval Office.”

It has apparently escaped Cheney’s attention that the “view of the world that he brought to the Oval Office” was one built on Hope, which could explain why Obama, despite the glaring lack of a single peace treaty under his green belt, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. After all, Obama was the unwitting inheritor of two wars; he didn’t start them.

The gravest failing of an American president, at least in the eyes of a neoconservative, is not to be on a “war footing,” which underscores a new way of thinking for the Republicans that completely clashes with the tenets of their "conservative" philosophy.

Cheney then took issue with the Obama administration’s audacious plans to shut down the Guantanamo Bay detention center, which houses over 200 enemy combatants, labelled "the gulag of our times" by one human rights group.

Obama thinks that “if he gives terrorists the rights of Americans, lets them lawyer up and read them their Miranda rights, we won't be at war,” Cheney pleaded.

The White House fired back at the Republican broadside with some fiery blogs of its own.

“It is telling that Vice President Cheney and others seem to be more focused on criticizing the Administration than condemning the attackers,” White House Communications Director Dan Pfeiffer wrote on the official White House blog. “Unfortunately too many are engaged in the typical Washington game of pointing fingers and making political hay, instead of working together to find solutions to make our country safer.”

Pfeiffer then accused the Republicans of ignoring the terrorist threat when it took the war to Iraq, which had no connection to Al-Qaeda.

“For seven years after 9/11, while our national security was overwhelmingly focused on Iraq – a country that had no Al-Qaeda presence before our invasion – Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda's leadership was able to set up camp in the border region of Pakistan and Afghanistan, where they continued to plot attacks against the United States,” Pfeiffer wrote.

Boy, times sure have changed. After all, it was a lack of communication that was at least partially responsible for toppling the Roman Empire; but for Pax Americana, which is clearly information-saturated, it very well may be an excess of idle communication and a poisonous atmosphere of hyper political messaging that will be its undoing.

Indeed, how can any US presidential administration focus on what the enemy is plotting when it must constantly deflect the latest partisan Twitter attack from the opposition's camp?
What helped “radicalize” Yemen?

On December 17, less than two weeks before the failed attack on Northwest flight 253, the United States was busy assisting the government of Yemen eliminate suspected Al-Qaeda hide-outs within its borders.

US warplanes bombed suspected Al-Qaeda positions in Yemen, and officials say at least 34 militants were killed.

Witnesses on the ground, however, put the number killed at over 60 and said the dead were mostly civilians, including women and children, The New York Times reported. They denied the target was an Al-Qaeda stronghold, and one provincial official said only 10 militant suspects died.

This week, France became the third Western nation to shut its Yemeni embassy, after threats from an Al-Qaeda offshoot group, the foreign ministry in Paris announced.

The US and UK missions, which closed on Sunday, remain shut.

Robert Bridge, RT

Yemen Says It Killed Militants as Three More Embassies Shut

By STEVEN ERLANGER

SANA, Yemen — Yemeni government forces killed two suspected Qaeda militants on Monday and wounded others in a firefight 25 miles north of the capital, Yemeni officials said, tying the militants to the continuing threats directed against the United States and British Embassies here.

Those embassies remained closed on Monday for a second day, and the French, German and Japanese embassies largely or entirely closed their embassies to the public.

The Yemeni forces were tracking Nazih al-Hanq, whom they suspected of belonging to the regional terrorist group Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, when they came under fire in the city of Arhab, the officials said. They said that two of Mr. Hanq’s bodyguards were killed and perhaps three others wounded, but that Mr. Hanq escaped in the area between the villages of Al Hanq and Beit Boussan.

Arhab was the site of one of several strikes against militants on Dec. 17 that came after American officials, working closely with Yemeni authorities, obtained information that four suicide bombers were aiming at Western targets in Yemen. The strikes killed three of the suspected bombers and damaged two Qaeda training camps.

More security forces were visible Monday on the streets of Sana, the capital, and Yemeni officials said security was tightened at airports and foreign embassies. Not all international activity has halted. The Japanese national soccer team is here to play a match in the Asian Cup qualifying round.

The local Qaeda group was identified by President Obama as responsible for the attempt to bring down an international flight into Detroit on Christmas.

The Yemenis have been working more closely with American military intelligence officials and counterterrorism advisers for the last year, and carried out raids and air strikes against Al Qaeda on Dec. 17 and Dec. 24.

In Washington, American military and intelligence officials said they first picked up warnings of imminent attacks about three weeks ago, using information obtained from enhanced intelligence-sharing established with Yemen last year.

The information pointed to four suicide bombers headed to Sana to attack Western targets, possibly the American and British Embassies. The military strikes in December disrupted those attacks, the officials say.

The airstrikes and raids in December killed three of the suicide bombers, while a fourth was captured with his suicide vest still intact by Yemeni special operations forces searching through the rubble of the strikes, the American officials said.

Some of the information learned from the interrogation of the surviving suicide bomber, as well as from other sources, helped provide information for Dec. 24 strikes.

Those were on a site where American officials believed the two top Qaeda leaders in Yemen were attending a meeting with Anwar al-Awlaki. He is the radical American-born cleric who has been linked to the Fort Hood, Tex., killings. Mr. Awlaki survived, the Yemenis say.

President Obama’s counterterrorism chief, John O. Brennan, said in an array of Sunday television appearances that there were only “disparate bits and pieces of information” available to intelligence agencies about the suspect in the plane case, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab. “There was no smoking gun piece of intelligence out there that said he was a terrorist,” Mr. Brennan said on CNN’s “State of the Union.”

On Sunday, the Transportation Security Administration issued new regulations that passengers from 14 nations would receive “full-body pat-down and physical inspection of property” before they can board a plane headed to the United States. Those countries include Pakistan, Nigeria and Yemen and the four nations still listed as state sponsors of terrorism: Cuba, Iran, Sudan and Syria.

President Obama, who has been in Hawaii over the holidays, was flying back to Washington on Monday.

He is to meet with top advisers in the Situation Room on Tuesday to go over the reviews of how intelligence agencies missed signs that could have raised a red flag on the Nigerian suspect, and how aviation security systems allowed the explosives onto the plane that was the target.

Mr. Brennan, who has been put in charge of reviewing American security measures in the wake of the thwarted attack, said that he was persuaded there were “plans for Al Qaeda to carry out attacks in Sana, possibly against our embassy, possibly against U.S. personnel.”

Mr. Brennan painted a picture of robust and innovative Qaeda operations in Yemen.

“Al Qaeda has several hundred members, in fact, in Yemen, and they’ve grown in strength,” he said on ABC’s “This Week.”

Sunday’s decision to close the embassies came after a quiet 90-minute visit with Yemen’s president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, by Gen. David H. Petraeus, the American military commander responsible for the Middle East.

On Saturday, he delivered a message that administration officials described as one of support for Yemen’s unity — Mr. Saleh is battling separatist movements and is eager to have the use of American technology — and for its counterterrorism efforts. It was General Petraeus’s third trip to Yemen since he took up his post 14 months ago. American officials in Yemen said that the threat that led to the embassy closings was specific, but they offered no details.

The American Embassy in Sana has been a repeat target. Al Qaeda struck there with a car bomb in September 2008, leaving 19 people dead, including an 18-year-old American woman, members of Yemeni security forces and six militants.

Last January, gunmen in a car exchanged fire with the police at a checkpoint near the embassy, hours after it received threats of a possible attack by Al Qaeda, according to The Associated Press. No one was injured.

And in July, security was upgraded in Sana after intelligence reports warned of attacks.

After the 2008 embassy attack, the United States began to step up its military and security aid to Yemen, with some $67 million spent in fiscal 2009, a figure that General Petraeus said would more than double in 2010, to around $150 million, if Congress approved.

The security assistance last year paid for training and equipping Yemeni security forces, and the “sensitive support” of highly classified communication intercepts and satellite imagery.

How to step up aid to the Yemeni government — without creating such a heavy presence that it inspires others in the country to join the Qaeda affiliate’s ranks — will also be one of the first issues on Mr. Obama’s agenda this week.

YEMEN: Investigation Begins at Newark Airport

By JAMES BARRON

A security officer failed to react when a man went through the wrong door at Newark Liberty International Airport on Sunday afternoon, the authorities said. When a passenger reported the breach, it set off seven hours of chaos, starting with the evacuation of the airport’s busiest terminal on one of the busiest travel days of the year.

That, in turn, led to a human traffic jam inside the airport — and to flight delays that continued through the day on Monday. Continental Airlines, which uses Newark as a hub, said more than 100 flights were affected. A spokeswoman said that Continental’s domestic schedule had largely returned to normal by Monday afternoon, but that international flights were still playing catch-up.

Evacuating a terminal is not unheard of, but federal officials say it happens much less now than in the months after the 9/11 attacks, when it seemed that terminals were cleared almost daily. One homeland security official, speaking on condition of anonymity because the investigation of the Newark incident was under way, said that over time airport security managers had learned to evaluate situations “and make an informed decision” on when and why to evacuate, “instead of all or nothing.”

But the incident at Newark came amid heightened security concerns only nine days after the Christmas Day bombing plot on a Northwest Airlines flight bound for Detroit. It also came as the Obama adminsitration imposed new, more intense screening regulations for people from 14 nations, including Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Nigeria.

Weary passengers stretched out on the floor by the ticket counters, using their luggage as pillows. Some called home. Others sent text messages, warning that they would be late — very late — and might still be on the way home on Monday.

Departing passengers were not the only ones whose travel schedules were thrown off. Flights that landed while the terminal was shut down had to remain on the tarmac with passengers buckled into their seats, some for more than three hours. The pilots were not allowed to pull up to the gates and let the passengers off until the terminal had reopened.

Officials at Newark spent Monday trying to determine how the man made it through a one-way door at about 5:20 p.m. on Sunday. That put the man in the secure area of the terminal even though he had not gone through the screening post a few steps away. The man was not found.

A spokeswoman for the Transportation Security Administration, Ann Davis, said a security officer was posted in the area the man entered, the exit lane reserved for passengers on their way to collect baggage after coming off planes that had just landed. She said the officer apparently did nothing when the man went through the door, which she said was marked with “do not enter” signs.

Whether the officer saw the man pass through “remains to be seen,” Ms. Davis said. She said the T.S.A. was “reviewing the circumstances surrounding the incident in their totality” and would decide “what level of disciplinary action is appropriate” for the officer.Alerted by the passenger who saw the apparent security breach, officials began searching the terminal, looking for the man, Ms. Davis said. She said T.S.A. officials also worked with Continental Airlines, the dominant airline at Terminal C, to retrieve tapes from surveillance cameras in the area “to ascertain if in fact an individual had entered the sterile area through the exit lane.”

She said the surveillance tapes confirmed what the passenger had said. And after about two and half hours with the man still unaccounted for, the T.S.A. essentially evacuated the terminal. Everyone who had been cleared at the security checkpoint and was on the way to catch a departing flight was told to go back and be screened again.

Once the terminal had been cleared, she said, officials from the T.S.A. and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey conducted “a full and complete sweep of every concourse” to be certain that the man was not hiding somewhere in Terminal C and had not left behind anything improper as he walked through.

She said the decision to close Terminal C and begin the sweep was made by T.S.A. officials at the airport. “Standard procedure would call for a closure of the checkpoints,” she said. But she added that T.S.A. managers at the airport were in contact with agency officials in Washington.

The sweep took “a few hours,” she said. She said the terminal was open again at 11:45 p.m., more than six hours after the man went down the exit lane. But lines remained at the security checkpoints as weary passengers waited to take off their shoes and have their carry-on baggage inspected all over again.

During the time the terminal was closed, the area outside the security checkpoint leading to the airport gates was jammed with passengers who had expected to be in the air by then.

Andrea Diez, 22, boarded a flight to Houston at about 4 p.m. Sunday and began an odyssey that dragged on through Monday. The flight had been delayed because of a maintenance problem with the plane, and by the time everything was ready for takeoff, the pilot announced that the terminal had been shut down.

“He said all the passengers had to go out and go through the checkpoints again,” she said.

In the terminal, she found pandemonium.

“People were yelling, crying,” she said. “There were thousands and thousands of people, and no one was telling us nothing. It was chaos.”

She said the next flight to Houston left at 12:36 a.m. Monday. But because she and her parents were stuck near the end of the security line, they did not make through the checkpoint until 12:45 a.m. The flight had already left, she said.

She spent the next five hours in a customer service line, only to be told to return around noon Monday to be booked on a flight leaving around 4 p.m. She said she tried to explain that her mother needed pills in luggage that had been checked for their original flight. She said the Continental employee she was talking to told her, “Look at the long line I have to deal with.”

Ms. Davis said the man who went through the do-not-enter door was not found, although she said video from security cameras showed that he left the secure area through another checkpoint.

Robert W. Mann Jr., an airline industry consultant in Port Washington, N.Y., said that evacuating the terminal was “consistent with what they’ve done in the past.” But he said he was concerned by the two and-a-half hours between when the man went through the do-not-enter door and the terminal was shut down.

“Presumably,” he said, “if you’re going to do this, the time is immediately, not some lengthy period afterwards.”

He also said that evacuating a terminal is “the last thing you’d want to do, because it creates such a huge opportunity for a would-be harmdoer to have thousands of people in close proximity. If you want to create mayhem, you’d do whatever you were trying to do, right in that large crowd.”